Reports of Cases Adjudged in the Court of Exchequer, in the years 1655, 1656, 1657, 1658, 1659, and 1660, and from Thence Continued to the 21st year of the Reign of His Late Majesty King Charles II

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by Sir Thomas Hardres

Hardres' Reports

Title page from Reports of Cases Adjudged in the Court of Exchequer, George Wythe Collection, Wolf Law Library, College of William & Mary.

Author Sir Thomas Hardres
Editor {{{editor}}}
Translator {{{trans}}}
Published London: Printed by the assigns of Rich. and Edw. Atkins for Christopher Wilkinson, Samuel Heyrick and Mary Tonson
Date 1693
Edition First
Language English
Volumes {{{set}}} volume set
Pages [12], 232, 301-512, [20]
Desc. Folio (32 cm.)
Location Shelf E-4
  [[Shelf {{{shelf2}}}]]

Sir Thomas Hardres (1609/10)-1681 was an English lawyer and politician. [1] His French surname reveals the antiquity of his bloodline, with his ancestors possibly arriving in Kent around the time of the Norman invasion.[2] In 1629, Hardres entered Gray's Inn and was called to bar in 1636. He married in 1639 and, following the death of his first wife, remarried in 1651. During the Civil War, Hardres remained pro-monarchy, a position that brought him under the suspicion of the protectorate government. Although he was already a public figure (he was made steward of Lambeth in 1649), it was after the restoration that his political career began to flourish. Hardres held numerous positions including serving as the freeman of Canterbury (1661), Common Councilman (1662), and recorder (1664). He became MP for the Borough of Kent in 1664. In 1669 he became serjeant at law and in 1676 he was made King's serjeant. Hardres was Knighted in 1676.

Some have argued that Hardres' Reports of Cases in the Exchequer (1655-1670) "contain some of the most learned arguments of the old reports."[3] The eight volumes, published in 1693 twelve years after his death, demonstrate his acquaintance with precedent and reveal his old-fashioned style of dissecting arguments.[4]

Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library

The Brown Bibliography[5] suggests Wythe owned this title based on notes in John Marshall's commonplace book.[6] Brown bases the edition in part on the copy Thomas Jefferson sold to the Library of Congress in 1815.[7] The Wolf Law Library followed Brown's suggestion and moved a copy of the 1st edition (1693) from another rare book collection to the George Wythe Collection.

Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy

Bound in contemporary blind calf with gold tooling on edges. Later rebacked in brown calf with a red label. Purchased through the generosity of Daniel W. Baran and Lena Stratton Baran, Class of 1936.

Images of the library's copy of this book are available on Flickr. View the record for this book in William & Mary's online catalog.

Full text

See also


  1. Stuart Handley, "Hardres, Sir Thomas (1609/10-1681) Oxford Dictionary of National Biography,accessed December 9, 2013. Subsequent biographical information derives from this sources unless otherwise noted.
  2. John William Wallace, The Reporters Arranged and Characterized with Incidental Remarks (Boston: Soule and Bugbee, 1882), 291.
  3. Ibid.
  4. Ibid.
  5. Bennie Brown, "The Library of George Wythe of Williamsburg and Richmond," (unpublished manuscript, May, 2012) Microsoft Word file. Earlier edition available at:
  6. Herbert A. Johnson, Charles T. Cullen, and Nancy G. Harris, eds., The Papers of John Marshall, (Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, in association with the Institute of Early American History and Culture, 1974), 1:65.
  7. E. Millicent Sowerby, Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson, (Washington, D.C.: The Library of Congress, 1952-1959), 2:339 [no.2058].