Of the Advancement and Proficiencie of Learning

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Of the Advancement and Proficiencie of Learning, or, The Partitions of Sciences, IX Bookes

by Francis Bacon

Of the Advancement and Proficiencie of Learning

Title page from Of the Advancement and Proficiencie of Learning, George Wythe Collection, Wolf Law Library, College of William & Mary.

Author Francis Bacon
Editor {{{editor}}}
Translator {{{trans}}}
Published Oxford: Printed by Leon. Lichfield for Rob. Young & Ed. Forrest
Date 1640
Edition {{{edition}}}
Language English
Volumes {{{set}}} volume set
Pages [36], 60, [14], 477 [i.e. 479, 23] p. (the last leaf blank), [1] leaf of plates : 1 port. (engraving)
Desc. folio (29 cm.)
Location [[Shelf {{{shelf}}}]]
  [[Shelf {{{shelf2}}}]]

Of the Advancement and Proficiencie of Learning, or, The Partitions of Sciences, IX Bookes (commonly known as The Advancement of Learning) is a two-volume work written by English philosopher, politician, scientist, and author, Francis Bacon, Viscount St. Alban (1561–1626). Born in London to father Sir Nicholas Bacon and mother Lady Anne Cooke, Bacon received his early education from his well-educated parents at home, and later attended Trinity College, Cambridge and Gray's Inn, London.[1] Bacon jumped into the political arena, with some limited success attributed to the connections he built.[2]


The Advancement of Learning, written in 1605, is one of Bacon's earliest works. Within these two boks, Bacon delves into the study of knowledge and its acquisition.[3] The first book focuses on learning and its importance to everyday life. The second book has a much broader scope; it covers the current state of human knowledge, discovering its weak spots and offering broad suggestions on how it can be improved.[4]

After writing the book, Bacon's political career gained steam and he quickly rose in power, becoming successively solicitor general (1607), attorney general (1613), and lord chancellor (1618).[5] He also authored numerous other volumes, including the influential Novum Organum (1620)and History of Henry VII (1622).[6] An edition of his collected works, gathered by A. Millar, were first published in 1640.

Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library

Listed in the Jefferson Inventory of Wythe's Library as Bacon’s advancement of learning. p. fol. Eng. This was one of the titles kept by Thomas Jefferson and later sold to the Library of Congress in 1815. Both the Brown Bibliography[7] and George Wythe's Library[8] on LibraryThing include the 1674 (2nd) edition, based on Millicent Sowerby's entry in Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson,[9] The volumes no longer exist to verify the edition, although Sowerby bases her choice on the previous correction of a date "1670" to "1674" from the Library of Congress catalogs. While it may be more likely that Wythe owned the 1674 edition, the date "1670" could also have meant "1640." The Wolf Law Library's George Wythe Collection includes the 1640, first edition, based in part on this ambiguity and in part on the availability of editions for purchase.

Inscription, front fly-leaf

Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy

Bound in contemporary blind-stamped calf with engraved frontispiece and engraved title leaf. This copy has the first version of the frontispiece, signed by William Marshall and dated 1626. Inscribed on the front fly-leaf, "Thomas Smith, 1794." Purchased from Bookpress, Ltd.

View this book in William & Mary's online catalog.


  1. Jürgen Klein "Francis Bacon", in Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Stanford University, 1997-), article revised Dec. 7, 2012, accessed October 3, 2013.
  2. Ibid.
  3. Markku Peltonen, "Bacon, Francis, Viscount St Alban (1561–1626)", in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press, 2004-), accessed October 3, 2013.
  4. Ibid.
  5. Britannica Concise Encyclopedia, s.v. "Bacon, Francis, Viscount St. Albans", accessed October 3, 2013.
  6. Ibid.
  7. Bennie Brown, "The Library of George Wythe of Williamsburg and Richmond," (unpublished manuscript, May, 2012) Microsoft Word file. Earlier edition available at: https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433
  8. LibraryThing, s. v. "Member: George Wythe," accessed on November 11, 2013, http://www.librarything.com/profile/GeorgeWythe.
  9. E. Millicent Sowerby, ""Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson 2nd ed. (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1983), 5:167-168.