Hippokratous Aphorismoi = Hippocratis Aphorismi: Hippocratis et Celsi Locis Parallelis Illustrati

From Wythepedia: The George Wythe Encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

by Hippocrates

Hippocratis Aphorismi

Title page from Hippocratis Aphorismi, George Wythe Collection, Wolf Law Library, College of William & Mary.

Author Hippocrates
Editor {{{editor}}}
Translator Lucas Verhoofd
Published Parisiis: Apud Theophilium Barrois Juniorem
Date 1784
Edition {{{edition}}}
Language Greek and Latin on opposite pages
Volumes {{{set}}} volume set
Pages xx, 353
Desc. 12mo (13 cm.)
Location Shelf N-4
  [[Shelf {{{shelf2}}}]]
Printer's flourish, page 134
The physician Hippocrates of Cos lived sometime between 450 BCE to 380 BCE and is traditionally regarded as the father of medicine.[1] "The writings of the Corpus Hippocraticum provide a wealth of information on biomedical methodology and offer one of the first reflective codes of professional ethics."[2] The writings were most likely composed by multiple men; even the "Hippocratic Oath" is believed to be the work of someone other than Hippocrates.[3] Both Plato and Aristotle specifically mention Hippocrates in their own works and he was regarded as "a great physician who exercised a permanent influence on the development of medicine and on the ideals and ethics of the physician."[4] Regarding the Corpus Hippocraticum, "[o]n the biomedical methodology side, these writings provide the most detailed biomedical observations to date in the Western world. They also offer causal speculations that can be knitted together to form a theoretical framework for diagnosis and treatment. On the ethical side, their code of professional ethics is so well structured that it continues to stand as a model for other professions."[5]

Within the Corpus Hippocraticum, the Aphorismi, is "a collection of 412 short counsels regarding diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment."[6] The term "aphorism" was first used in connection with the work of Hippocrates.[7]

Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library

Listed on the Jefferson Inventory as "Hippocratis Aphorismata. p.f." and given by Thomas Jefferson to his son-in-law Thomas Mann Randolph. Later appears on Randolph's 1832 estate inventory as "'Aphorisms of Hypocrates' ($3.75 value)." We cannot determine the precise edition Wythe owned from the information available. Brown's Bibliography[8] lists a 1736 octavo edition published in Edinburgh. George Wythe's Library[9] on LibraryThing includes no specific edition and indicates "Probably a portion of the work only. Precise edition unknown." The 12-centimeter, 1784 edition chosen by the Wolf Law Library is a good potential candidate as it corresponds to Jefferson's indicated size of "p.f." (petit folio).

Headpiece, first page of Greek text

Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy

Bound in red morocco, covers with three gilt rules around the sides, edges and turn-ins gilt. Spine has triple rules dividing the panels which are decorated in gilt and a black gilt label.

Images of the library's copy of this book are available on Flickr. View the record for this book in William & Mary's online catalog.

See also


  1. The New Encyclopaedia Britannica, s.v. "Hippocrates," (Chicago: Encyclopaedia Brtannica, Inc, 2007), 5:939.
  2. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, s.v. "Hippocrates," accessed October 30, 2013.
  3. The New Encyclopaedia Britannica, s.v. "Hippocrates."
  4. Britannica Concise Encyclopedia, s.v. "Hippocrates," accessed November 11, 2013.
  5. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, "Hippocrates".
  6. The New Encyclopaedia Britannica, s.v. "Hippocrates."
  7. The New Encyclopaedia Britannica, s.v. "Aphorism," (Chicago: Encyclopaedia Brtannica, Inc, 2007), 1:481.
  8. Bennie Brown, "The Library of George Wythe of Williamsburg and Richmond," (unpublished manuscript, May, 2012) Microsoft Word file. Earlier edition available at: https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433
  9. LibraryThing, s.v. "Member: George Wythe", accessed on November 11, 2013.

External Links

Read this book in Google Books.