Difference between revisions of "Apology for the True Christian Divinity"

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{{DISPLAYTITLE:''An Apology for the True Christian Divinity''}}
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{{DISPLAYTITLE:''An Apology for the True Christian Divinity: Being an Explanation and Vindication of the Principles and Doctrines of the People Called Quakers''}}
 
===by Robert Barclay===
 
===by Robert Barclay===
 
__NOTOC__
 
__NOTOC__
"One of the most impressive theological writings of the 17th century. It breathes a large tolerance and is still perhaps the most important manifesto of the Quaker Society." <ref> Encycl. Brit. xiii, 504pp. </ref>
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{{BookPageInfoBox
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|text=BarclayApologyForTheTrueChristianDivinity1765.pdf
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|textsize=30MB
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|shorttitle=An Apology for the True Christian Divinity
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|author=[[:Category:Robert Barclay|Robert Barclay]]
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|edition=Eighth edition in English
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|lang=[[:Category:English|English]]
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|publoc=[[:Category:Birmingham|Birmingham]]
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|publisher=Printed by John Baskerville
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|pages=[12], [II]-XIII, [2], 504, [16] pages
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}}[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Barclay Robert Barclay] (1648 &ndash; 1690), an early convert to Quakerism,<ref>Gordon DesBrisay, "[http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/1347 Barclay, Robert, of Ury (1648–1690)]" in ''Oxford Dictionary of National Biography'' (Oxford University Press, 2004- ), accessed October 2, 2013.</ref> spent most of his life’s work spreading and defending those beliefs. His work did not come without a price&mdash;he was imprisoned numerous times.<ref>''Encyclopædia Britannica Online'', s. v. "[http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/53083/Robert-Barclay Robert Barclay]," accessed October 02, 2013.</ref> His ''An Apology for the True Christian Divinity: Being an Explanation and Vindication of the Principles and Doctrines of the People called Quakers'' is the definitive statement and defense of Quakerism.<ref>Ibid.</ref> Barclay’s theological background allowed him to articulate and defend it in terms that non-Quakers could understand.<ref>Robert Barclay, ''An Apology for the True Christian Divinity'', ed. Licia Kuenning (Farmington: 2002), iii.</ref> Barclay first wrote and published ''Apology'' in Latin in 1676; he later translated and republished it in English in 1678.<ref>Ibid.</ref> ''Apology'' has been described as "one of the most impressive theological writings of the [seventeenth] century ... It is impressive in style; grave, logical, and often marked by the eloquence of lofty moral convictions."<ref>"Barclay, Robert," in ''Oxford Dictionary of National Biography'', ed. Leslie Stephen (New York: Macmillan and Co., 1885), 169.</ref> Beyond this significant contribution to Quakerism, Barclay was also the Governor of East Jersey, now part of the State of New Jersey, from 1682 to 1688.<ref>Encyclopædia Britannica Online, s. v. "Robert Barclay."</ref>
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{{BookPageInscription
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|imagename=BarclayApologyForTheTrueChristian1765Inscription.jpg
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|display=left
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|caption=Previous owner's inscription from front pastedown.
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}}
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==Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library==
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Thomas Jefferson sold the Library of Congress a copy of the 1765 (8th English) edition of this title. The Library still owns this copy which contains "numerous corrections in ink ... [which] appear to be in the handwriting of George Wythe."<ref>E. Millicent Sowerby, ''Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson'', (Washington, D.C.: The Library of Congress, 1952-1959), 2:126 [http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015033648109;view=1up;seq=138 [no.1537]].</ref> Three of the [[George Wythe Collection|Wythe Collection]] sources (Dean's Memo,<ref>[[Dean Bibliography|Memorandum from Barbara C. Dean]], Colonial Williamsburg Found., to Mrs. Stiverson, Colonial Williamsburg Found. (June 16, 1975), 2 (on file at Wolf Law Library, College of William & Mary).</ref>, Brown's Bibliography<ref>Bennie Brown, "The Library of George Wythe of Williamsburg and Richmond," (unpublished manuscript, May, 2012) Microsoft Word file. Earlier edition available at: https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433</ref> and [http://www.librarything.com/profile/GeorgeWythe George Wythe's Library]<ref>''LibraryThing'', s. v. [http://www.librarything.com/profile/GeorgeWythe "Member: George Wythe"], accessed on February 4, 2013.</ref> on LibraryThing) list the title based on Millicent Sowerby's attribution of the corrections to Wythe. Barclay's ''Apology'' is not listed in the [[Jefferson Inventory]] of [[Wythe's Library]]. Perhaps this was an oversight on Jefferson's part, or the title appeared on a lost or damaged page.
  
<blockquote> The Apology was composed and first published in Latin in 1676. With a boldness that seems to have endeared him to the Stuart kings, Barclay opened the book with a plea for toleration addressed to Charles II and written in direct and somewhat admonitory language much admired by Voltaire, among others. The Apology appeared in English in 1678, and has since been reprinted many times and in many languages. Robert Barclay's reputation among Quakers has waxed and waned, but the Apology remains the classic statement of Quaker principles, and few would dispute Leslie Stephen's judgement in the Dictionary of National Biography that the book is ‘impressive in style; grave, logical, and often marked by the eloquence of lofty moral convictions’.<ref> Gordon DesBrisay, ‘Barclay, Robert, of Ury (1648–1690)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/1347, accessed 11 June 2013] </ref> </blockquote>
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==Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy==
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Bound in contemporary calf and very neatly re-backed in matching leather with gilt-decorated spine. Front pastedown includes the inscription "James Dricorl Druis (?), 4 Percy Road Lexington, Mass., - 1922 -, The author of this book is one of my forebears on my mother's side." Purchased from Argosy Book Store.
  
==Bibliographic Information==
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Images of the library's copy of this book are [https://www.flickr.com/photos/wolflawlibrary/albums/72157637875832255 available on Flickr.] View the record for this book in [https://wm.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/01COWM_INST/g9pr7p/alma991017502919703196 William & Mary's online catalog].
'''Author:''' Robert Barclay, (1648-1690)
 
  
'''Title:''' An Apology for the True Christian Divinity: Being an Explanation and Vindication of the Principles and Doctrines of the People called Quakers
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===Full text===
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<div style="overflow: hidden;">
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*[http://lawlibrary.wm.edu/wythepedia/library/BarclayApologyForTheTrueChristianDivinity1765.pdf ''Apology for the True Christian Divinity''] (30MB PDF)
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</div>
  
'''Published:''' Birmingham: Printed by John Baskerville, 1765.
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==See also==
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*[[George Wythe Room]]
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*[[Wythe's Library]]
  
'''Edition:'''
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==References==
 
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<references/>
==Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library==
 
 
 
==Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy==
 
Bound in contemporary calf and very neatly re-backed in matching leather with gilt-decorated spine. Purchased from Argosy Book Store.
 
  
 
==External Links==
 
==External Links==
[http://books.google.com/books?id=2ogWizWZhk8C&printsec=frontcover&dq=An+Apology+for+the+True+Christian+Divinity&hl=en&sa=X&ei=WYnlUci0LIe14AO2soHQBw&ved=0CD0Q6AEwAQ Google Books]
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Read this book in [http://books.google.com/books?id=2ogWizWZhk8C&printsec=frontcover Google Books].
 
 
===References===
 
<references/>
 
  
 
[[Category:George Wythe Collection at William & Mary's Wolf Law Library]]
 
[[Category:George Wythe Collection at William & Mary's Wolf Law Library]]
 
[[Category:Religion]]
 
[[Category:Religion]]
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[[Category:Robert Barclay]]
 
[[Category:Titles in Wythe's Library]]
 
[[Category:Titles in Wythe's Library]]
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[[Category:Birmingham]]
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[[Category:English]]

Latest revision as of 14:31, 4 October 2021

by Robert Barclay

An Apology for the True Christian Divinity
BarclayAnApology1765.jpg

Title page from An Apology for the True Christian Divinity, George Wythe Collection, Wolf Law Library, College of William & Mary.

Author Robert Barclay
Editor {{{editor}}}
Translator {{{trans}}}
Published Birmingham: Printed by John Baskerville
Date 1765
Edition Eighth edition in English
Language English
Volumes {{{set}}} volume set
Pages [12], [II]-XIII, [2], 504, [16] pages
Desc. {{{desc}}}
Location Shelf A-5
  [[Shelf {{{shelf2}}}]]

Robert Barclay (1648 – 1690), an early convert to Quakerism,[1] spent most of his life’s work spreading and defending those beliefs. His work did not come without a price—he was imprisoned numerous times.[2] His An Apology for the True Christian Divinity: Being an Explanation and Vindication of the Principles and Doctrines of the People called Quakers is the definitive statement and defense of Quakerism.[3] Barclay’s theological background allowed him to articulate and defend it in terms that non-Quakers could understand.[4] Barclay first wrote and published Apology in Latin in 1676; he later translated and republished it in English in 1678.[5] Apology has been described as "one of the most impressive theological writings of the [seventeenth] century ... It is impressive in style; grave, logical, and often marked by the eloquence of lofty moral convictions."[6] Beyond this significant contribution to Quakerism, Barclay was also the Governor of East Jersey, now part of the State of New Jersey, from 1682 to 1688.[7]

Previous owner's inscription from front pastedown.


Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library

Thomas Jefferson sold the Library of Congress a copy of the 1765 (8th English) edition of this title. The Library still owns this copy which contains "numerous corrections in ink ... [which] appear to be in the handwriting of George Wythe."[8] Three of the Wythe Collection sources (Dean's Memo,[9], Brown's Bibliography[10] and George Wythe's Library[11] on LibraryThing) list the title based on Millicent Sowerby's attribution of the corrections to Wythe. Barclay's Apology is not listed in the Jefferson Inventory of Wythe's Library. Perhaps this was an oversight on Jefferson's part, or the title appeared on a lost or damaged page.

Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy

Bound in contemporary calf and very neatly re-backed in matching leather with gilt-decorated spine. Front pastedown includes the inscription "James Dricorl Druis (?), 4 Percy Road Lexington, Mass., - 1922 -, The author of this book is one of my forebears on my mother's side." Purchased from Argosy Book Store.

Images of the library's copy of this book are available on Flickr. View the record for this book in William & Mary's online catalog.

Full text

See also

References

  1. Gordon DesBrisay, "Barclay, Robert, of Ury (1648–1690)" in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press, 2004- ), accessed October 2, 2013.
  2. Encyclopædia Britannica Online, s. v. "Robert Barclay," accessed October 02, 2013.
  3. Ibid.
  4. Robert Barclay, An Apology for the True Christian Divinity, ed. Licia Kuenning (Farmington: 2002), iii.
  5. Ibid.
  6. "Barclay, Robert," in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, ed. Leslie Stephen (New York: Macmillan and Co., 1885), 169.
  7. Encyclopædia Britannica Online, s. v. "Robert Barclay."
  8. E. Millicent Sowerby, Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson, (Washington, D.C.: The Library of Congress, 1952-1959), 2:126 [no.1537].
  9. Memorandum from Barbara C. Dean, Colonial Williamsburg Found., to Mrs. Stiverson, Colonial Williamsburg Found. (June 16, 1975), 2 (on file at Wolf Law Library, College of William & Mary).
  10. Bennie Brown, "The Library of George Wythe of Williamsburg and Richmond," (unpublished manuscript, May, 2012) Microsoft Word file. Earlier edition available at: https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433
  11. LibraryThing, s. v. "Member: George Wythe", accessed on February 4, 2013.

External Links

Read this book in Google Books.