The Life of George Washington, Commander in Chief of the American Forces, During the War which Established the Independence of His Country, and First President of the United States
by John Marshall
|The Life of George Washington|
Title page from The Life of George Washington, volume two, George Wythe Collection, Wolf Law Library, College of William & Mary.
|Published||Philadelphia: Printed and published by C.P. Wayne|
|Edition||First, first impression|
|Volumes||5 volumes with atlas volume set|
|Desc.||8vo (22 cm.) and 4to (29 cm.)|
John Marshall (c. 1755 – 1835), was the fourth and arguably the most influential Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court (1801-1835). Marshall holds the record as the longest serving Chief Justice in U.S. history. During his thirty-four years on the bench he helped lay the foundation of the U.S. Supreme Court as an equal branch to the U.S. government—alongside the legislative and executive branches—especially focusing on reinforcing the principle of judicial review.
The Life of Washington was the only book Marshall wrote. Marshall published his biography as a five-volume series between 1804 and 1807. The work is based on records and papers given to Marshall by Washington's family, but has received special renown because Marshall was an actual contemporary of Washington and served with him in the Continental Army. The biography experienced immediate success because his "political acumen and his judicial equipoise were such as to give his work a great permanent importance."
Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library
George Wythe is listed as a subscriber in the atlas volume of the first edition. Thomas Jefferson inherited Wythe's copy and noted it in his inventory of Wythe's Library as Marshall's Life of Washington. 4.v. 8vo. Jefferson gave it to his son-in-law, Thomas Mann Randolph. It later appeared on Randolph's 1832 estate inventory as "'Marshall's Washington' (4 vols., $10.25 value)." Both Brown's Bibliography and George Wythe's Library on LibraryThing include Marshall's Life of Washington. The Wolf Law Library purchased a copy of the first edition.
Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy
First edition, first impression bound in contemporary tree calf, rebacked with original spines laid down. Spines feature red morocco title labels and green morocco volume labels with gilt lettering. Inscribed on "W. D. Bartlett" front flyleaf of volumes one, four, and five. Atlas bound in contemporary full calf with marbled boards, rebacked with original spine. Purchased from Thomas A. Goldwasser Rare Books.
- Charles F. Hobson, The Great Chief Justice: John Marshall and the Rule of Law (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1996), 256.
- Charles Kendall Adams, A Manual of Historical Literature (New York: Harper, 1882), 582.
- Bennie Brown, "The Library of George Wythe of Williamsburg and Richmond," (unpublished manuscript, May, 2012) Microsoft Word file. Earlier edition available at: https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433.
- LibraryThing, s.v. "Member: George Wythe," accessed on June 28, 2013.