The Elements of Euclid
at the College of William & Mary.
|Edition||Precise edition unknown|
Euclid was a Greek mathematician who is often referred to as the “Father of Geometry”. His specific date of birth and death are unknown, but many historians estimate that he lived sometime around 300 BCE. Despite the uncertainty surrounding his biographical details, his presence in history resonates deeply due to his works in the field of mathematics, especially in geometry.
Elements, Euclid’s most well-known and influential work, presents definitions, postulates, and mathematical proofs on a wide range of mathematical concepts. Many of these concepts were based on prior mathematical findings and therefore were not entirely "new." But Euclid’s presentation of these concepts in a single, logically coherent framework created a system that served as a pillar of mathematics for two thousand years. Elements enjoyed enormous critical acclaim and was considered to be highly relevant until the early twentieth century. Euclid's Elements has been referred to as the most successful and influential textbook ever written. Elements was one of the earliest mathematical works to be printed after the invention of the printing press, and may be second only to the Bible in the number of editions published, with the number reaching well over one thousand.
Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library
- The Elements of Euclid: viz. the First Six Books, Together with the Eleventh and Twelfth
- Euclidis Elementorum Libri Priores Sex, Item Undecimus et Duodecimus
- Jefferson Inventory
- Wythe's Library
- Encyclopædia Britannica Online, s. v. "Euclid", accessed October 03, 2013.
- Dirk Jan Struik, "Ancient Greek Mathematics," in A Concise History of Mathematics, 4th rev. ed. (New York (N.Y.): Dover, 1987), 51.
- Charles Lutwidge, and Amit HagarDodgson, "Introduction," in Euclid and his Modern Rivals (Mineola, N.Y: Dover Publications, 2004), xxviii.
- Carl B. Boyer, and Uta C. Merzbach, "Euclid of Alexandria," in A History of Mathematics, 2nd ed. (New York: Wiley, 1991), 119.
- Lucas N. H. Bunt, Phillip S. Jones, and Jack D. Bedient, "Greek Influence," in The Historical Roots of Elementary Mathematics (New York: Dover Publications, 1988), 142.