C. Sallustii Crispi Opera Omnia quae Extant
|Opera Omnia quae Extant|
at the College of William & Mary.
|Published||Londini: typis Gul. Strahan. Impensis S. Ballard, W. Innys, A. Ward, T. Osborne, T. Longman, C. Hitch, E. Wicksteed, C. Bathurst, & M. Cooper|
|Pages||, 234, |
Sallust (86 B.C.E – 35 B.C.E.) was a Roman politician who later became an historian. He was born c. 86 B.C.E., in Amiternum near modern L’Aquila (56 miles from Rome). In 52 B.C.E. he was elected a tribune, but was expelled from the Senate two years later due to his actions against Cicero and Milo. Sallust joined Julius Caesar and commanded a legion in 49, and was appointed the first governor of Africa Nova. Caesar's assassination in 44 changed the course of Sallust’s life, and he shifted away from politics to focused solely on historical and political writing. He died c. 35 B.C.E., having lived the remainder of his life away from the public eye.
C. Sallustii Crispi Opera Omnia quae Extant is a compilation of several of Sallust’s works including the famous "War Against Catiline" and "The Jugurthine War" (or "War Against Jugurtha"). The "War Against Caitiline" concerned the second Catilinarian Conspiracy of 65 B.C.E, a plot devised by the Roman Senator Catiline along with other aristocrats to overthrow the Roman Senate. Sallust characterized Caitiline as a symbol of the moral decline of Rome. "The Jugurthine War" also emphasized moral decline through the lens of the Roman conquest of the Numidian King, Jugurtha.
Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library
There is no doubt that Wythe owned this title—a copy of the 1746 edition of C. Sallustii Crispi Opera Omnia quae Extant at the Library of Congress includes George Wythe's bookplate. Thomas Jefferson also listed "Sallust. Delph. 8vo." in his inventory of Wythe's Library, noting that he kept the volume himself. He later sold it to the Library of Congress in 1815. All four of the Wythe Collection sources (Goodwin's pamphlet, Dean's Memo, George Wythe's Library on LibraryThing and the Brown Bibliography) list the 1746 edition of this title.
As yet, the Wolf Law Library has been unable to procure a copy of C. Sallustii Crispi Opera Omnia quae Extant.
- C. B. R. Pelling, "Sallust," in Who's Who in the Classical World (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003).
- Ronald Syme, Sallust (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002), 40.
- Mary R. M. Goodwin, The George Wythe House: Its Furniture and Furnishings (Williamsburg, Virginia: Colonial Williamsburg Foundation Library, 1958), XLV.
- Memorandum from Barbara C. Dean, Colonial Williamsburg Found., to Mrs. Stiverson, Colonial Williamsburg Found. (June 16, 1975), 5 (on file at Wolf Law Library, College of William & Mary).
- LibraryThing, s.v. "Member: George Wythe," accessed on March 4, 2015.
- Bennie Brown, "The Library of George Wythe of Williamsburg and Richmond," (unpublished manuscript, May, 2012, rev. May, 2014) Microsoft Word file. Earlier edition available at: https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433.