Difference between revisions of "Graecum Lexicon Manuale"

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===by Benjamin Hederich===
 
===by Benjamin Hederich===
 
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During the late fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, there was a Renaissance explosion of ancient Greek dictionaries due to the plethora of available ancient Greek texts in printed editions.  There were two major types of dictionaries: the humanistic (intended to assist students in reading and writing Greek literature) and the philological (meant to fully preserve and record Greek vocabulary in order to understand the culture). <ref>John Considine, “Ancient Greek among the Eighteenthcentury [sic] Languages of Science: Linnaeus, Dillenius, and the Lexicographical Record,” ''International Journal of the Classical Tradition'' 16, no. 3/4 (Sep-Dec 2009): 335.</ref> Several centuries later, in 1722, Benjamin Hederich, a schoolmaster in Saxony, published the first edition of his Graecum Lexicon Manuale. This particular ancient Greek dictionary was intended for pedagogical use, and had multiple editions published.   <ref>Ibid, 336.</ref>   In 1724 Hederich wrote another dictionary this time in the German language on Ancient Greek Mythology: Griindliches mythologisches Lexikon. <ref>John L. Heller, “Classical Mythology in the Systema Naturae of Linnaeus.” ''Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association'' 76 (1945): 340.</ref>  
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|shorttitle=Graecum Lexicon Manuale
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}}During the late fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries, there was a Renaissance explosion of ancient Greek dictionaries due to the plethora of available ancient Greek texts in printed editions.  There were two major types of dictionaries: the humanistic (intended to assist students in reading and writing Greek literature) and the philological (meant to fully preserve and record Greek vocabulary in order to understand the culture). <ref>John Considine, “Ancient Greek among the Eighteenthcentury [sic] Languages of Science: Linnaeus, Dillenius, and the Lexicographical Record,” ''International Journal of the Classical Tradition'' 16, no. 3/4 (Sept-Dec 2009): 335.</ref> Later, in 1722, Benjamin Hederich, a schoolmaster in Saxony, published the first edition of his ''Graecum Lexicon Manuale''. It was intended for pedagogical use and had multiple editions published.<ref>Ibid., 336.</ref> In 1724 Hederich wrote another dictionary: this time in the German language on ancient Greek mythology: ''Griindliches mythologisches Lexikon''. <ref>John L. Heller, “Classical Mythology in the Systema Naturae of Linnaeus.”</ref>  
  
==Bibliographic Information==
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==Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library==
'''Author:''' Benjamin Hederich
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Listed in the [[Jefferson Inventory]] of [[Wythe's Library]] as "Hederici Lexicon. 4to." and given by [[Thomas Jefferson]] to his grandson [[Thomas Jefferson Randolph]]. The precise edition owned by Wythe is unknown. [http://www.librarything.com/profile/GeorgeWythe George Wythe's Library]<ref>''LibraryThing'', s.v. "[http://www.librarything.com/profile/GeorgeWythe Member: George Wythe]," accessed on November 13, 2013.</ref> on LibraryThing indicates this, noting "Several quarto editions were published." The [https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433 Brown Bibliography]<ref>Bennie Brown, "The Library of George Wythe of Williamsburg and Richmond," (unpublished manuscript, May, 2012) Microsoft Word file. Earlier edition available at: https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433.</ref> lists the 1766 edition published in London based on the copy Jefferson sold to the Library of Congress.<ref>E. Millicent Sowerby, ''Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson'', (Washington, D.C.: The Library of Congress, 1952-1959), 5:72 [http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015033648133;view=1up;seq=84 [no.4762]].</ref> The Wolf Law Library followed Brown's suggestion and purchased the London edition edited by Samuel Patrick.
  
'''Title:''' Graecum Lexicon Manuale
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==Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy==
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Bound in later full vellum, spine features five raised bands and brown morocco lettering piece. Purchased from Kaaterskill Books.
  
'''Publication Info:''' Londini : H. Woodfall, 1766.  
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Images of the library's copy of this book are [https://www.flickr.com/photos/wolflawlibrary/sets/72157637632809106 available on Flickr.] View the record for this book in [https://wm.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/01COWM_INST/g9pr7p/alma991024234209703196 William & Mary's online catalog.]
  
'''Edition:'''
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===Full text===
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*[http://lawlibrary.wm.edu/wythepedia/library/HederichGraecumLexiconManuale1766.pdf ''Graecum Lexicon Manuale''] (116MB PDF)
  
==Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library==
+
==See also==
Listed in the [[Jefferson Inventory]] of [[Wythe's Library]] as ''Hederici Lexicon. 4to.'' and given by [[Thomas Jefferson]] to his grandson [[Thomas Jefferson Randolph]]. The precise edition owned by Wythe is unknown. [http://www.librarything.com/profile/GeorgeWythe George Wythe's Library]<ref>''LibraryThing'', s. v. "Member: George Wythe," accessed on November 13, 2013, http://www.librarything.com/profile/GeorgeWythe </ref> on LibraryThing indicates this, noting "Several quarto editions were published." The [https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433 Brown Bibliography]<ref> Bennie Brown, "The Library of George Wythe of Williamsburg and Richmond," (unpublished manuscript, May, 2012) Microsoft Word file. Earlier edition available at: https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433</ref> lists the 1766 edition published in London based on the copy Jefferson sold to the Library of Congress.<ref>E. Millicent Sowerby, ''Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson'', 2nd ed. (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1983), 5:35 [no.3736].</ref> The Wolf Law Library followed Brown's suggestion and purchased the London edition edited by Samuel Patrick.
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*[[George Wythe Room]]
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*[[Jefferson Inventory]]
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*[[Wythe's Library]]
  
==Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy==
+
==References==
Bound in later full vellum, five raised bands, brown morocco lettering piece. Title page in red and black. Purchased from Kaaterskill Books, ABAA/ILAB.
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<references/>
  
View this book in [https://catalog.swem.wm.edu/law/Record/3695137 William & Mary's online catalog.]
 
 
==External Links==
 
==External Links==
[http://books.google.com/books?id=WQe4tNTpZIYC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Graecum+Lexicon+Manuale+1766&hl=en&sa=X&ei=znnUUaiRBqfD4AP42YCgDg&ved=0CDQQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=Graecum%20Lexicon%20Manuale%201766&f=false Google Books]
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Read this book in [http://books.google.com/books?id=WQe4tNTpZIYC&printsec=frontcover Google Books].
 
 
===References===
 
<references/>
 
  
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[[Category:Benjamin Hederich]]
 
[[Category:Dictionaries]]
 
[[Category:Dictionaries]]
 
[[Category:George Wythe Collection at William & Mary's Wolf Law Library]]
 
[[Category:George Wythe Collection at William & Mary's Wolf Law Library]]
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[[Category:Samuel Patrick]]
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[[Category:Thomas Jefferson Randolph's Books]]
 
[[Category:Titles in Wythe's Library]]
 
[[Category:Titles in Wythe's Library]]
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[[Category:English]]
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[[Category:London]]
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[[Category:Quartos]]

Latest revision as of 15:48, 11 October 2021

by Benjamin Hederich

Graecum Lexicon Manuale
HederichGraecumLexicon1766.jpg

Title page from Graecum Lexicon Manuale, George Wythe Collection, Wolf Law Library, College of William & Mary.

Author Benjamin Hederich
Editor Samuel Patrick
Translator {{{trans}}}
Published Londini: H. Woodfall
Date 1766
Edition {{{edition}}}
Language English
Volumes {{{set}}} volume set
Pages [876]
Desc. 4to (27 cm.)
Location Shelf H-1
  [[Shelf {{{shelf2}}}]]

During the late fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries, there was a Renaissance explosion of ancient Greek dictionaries due to the plethora of available ancient Greek texts in printed editions. There were two major types of dictionaries: the humanistic (intended to assist students in reading and writing Greek literature) and the philological (meant to fully preserve and record Greek vocabulary in order to understand the culture). [1] Later, in 1722, Benjamin Hederich, a schoolmaster in Saxony, published the first edition of his Graecum Lexicon Manuale. It was intended for pedagogical use and had multiple editions published.[2] In 1724 Hederich wrote another dictionary: this time in the German language on ancient Greek mythology: Griindliches mythologisches Lexikon. [3]

Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library

Listed in the Jefferson Inventory of Wythe's Library as "Hederici Lexicon. 4to." and given by Thomas Jefferson to his grandson Thomas Jefferson Randolph. The precise edition owned by Wythe is unknown. George Wythe's Library[4] on LibraryThing indicates this, noting "Several quarto editions were published." The Brown Bibliography[5] lists the 1766 edition published in London based on the copy Jefferson sold to the Library of Congress.[6] The Wolf Law Library followed Brown's suggestion and purchased the London edition edited by Samuel Patrick.

Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy

Bound in later full vellum, spine features five raised bands and brown morocco lettering piece. Purchased from Kaaterskill Books.

Images of the library's copy of this book are available on Flickr. View the record for this book in William & Mary's online catalog.

Full text

See also

References

  1. John Considine, “Ancient Greek among the Eighteenthcentury [sic] Languages of Science: Linnaeus, Dillenius, and the Lexicographical Record,” International Journal of the Classical Tradition 16, no. 3/4 (Sept-Dec 2009): 335.
  2. Ibid., 336.
  3. John L. Heller, “Classical Mythology in the Systema Naturae of Linnaeus.”
  4. LibraryThing, s.v. "Member: George Wythe," accessed on November 13, 2013.
  5. Bennie Brown, "The Library of George Wythe of Williamsburg and Richmond," (unpublished manuscript, May, 2012) Microsoft Word file. Earlier edition available at: https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433.
  6. E. Millicent Sowerby, Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson, (Washington, D.C.: The Library of Congress, 1952-1959), 5:72 [no.4762].

External Links

Read this book in Google Books.