Codex Justinianus ad Vetustorum Exemplarium Fidem Diligẽtissime Recognitus. In Quo Casus Uiuiani (Qui Antea Fedissimi et Corruptissimi Legebantur) Ita sunt Restituti, vt Iam non Inutiliter Adiecti Videantur...

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The Code of Justinian
George Wythe bookplate.jpg
Title not held by The Wolf Law Library
at the College of William & Mary.
Published Parisiis: in via ad duum Jacobum, sub sole aure / et sub elephante Francoys Regnavlt
Date 1532
Volumes volume set

In February 528, Justinian promulgated the Constitutio Hac quae necessario, by which was created a ten-man commission to review these earlier compilations as well as individual laws, eliminate everything unnecessary or obsolete, make changes as it saw fit, and create a single compilation of imperial laws in force. [1] The commission finished its work in 14 months, and the compilation was promulgated in April 529 by the Constitutio Summa. [2] However, this compilation did not eliminate all the conflicts that had arisen over the years in Roman jurisprudence, and the constitutions in the Code were to be used alongside the conflicting opinions of ancient jurists. "The citation of the said constitutions of Our Code, with the opinions of the ancient interpreters of the law, will suffice for the disposal of all cases."[3] Justinian attempted to harmonize these conflicting opinions by issuing his "Fifty Decisions" and by passing additional new laws.

Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library

See also


  1. See generally, Tony Honoré, "Justinian's Codification" in The Oxford Classical Dictionary 803 (Simon Hornblower and Antony Spawforth eds. 3rd rev. ed 2003).
  2. Caroline Humfress, "Law and Legal Practice in the Age of Justinian," in The Age of Justinian 161, 163 (Michael Maas ed. 2005). Humfress also describes the diverse forms of imperial enactments that were included.
  3. Wolfgang Kunkel, An Introduction to Roman Legal and Constitutional History 166 (J.M. Kelly trans. 2nd ed. 1973).