Anatomical Exposition of the Structures of the Human Body

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by Jacques-Bénigne Winslow

Anatomical Exposition
George Wythe bookplate.jpg
Title not held by The Wolf Law Library
at the College of William & Mary.
Author Jacques-Bénigne Winslow
Published London: Printed for R. Ware, J. Knapton, S. Birt, T. and T. Longman, C. Hitch and L. Hawes, C. Davis, T. Astley, and R. Baldwin
Date 1756
Volumes volume set

Jacques-Bénigne Winslow was born on 17 April 1669, in Odense, Denmark as Jacob Winslow.[1] He was born to a religious family with his father being a Dean of the Lutheran Church of Our Lady.[2] Originally Winslow planned on following in his footsteps, however while in theology school Winslow decided to change to medicine after several discussions with a medical student.[3] Winslow began his studies under Johannes de Buchwald on anatomy, the sight of blood disturbed him so he did not study surgery.[4] During this time he showed himself to be enthusiastic and diligent so Kancelli Matthias Moth, secretary in Danske, awarded him a scholarship which allowed him to continue his studies abroad.[5] Winslow went to Holland and studied under renowned Friedrich Ruysch.[6] Later, he traveled to Paris and began working under Joseph Guichard Duvemy at Jardin du Roy.[7]

While in Paris, Winslow took the name Jacques-Bénigne Winslow after being converted to the Catholic faith by Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet, whom Winslow considered his spiritual father.[8] This resulted in his disownment by his family and the Danish Crown and the loss of his scholarship.[9] With the help of Bossuet, Winslow was able to gain financial support from Catholics and scholarships which allowed him to finish his study in Paris and finish his degree.[10] His first position after gaining his license was as a general doctor at the crowded hospital Hôtel-Dieu.[11] In addition to this work, Winslow started his famous lectures and anatomical demonstrations. [12] In 1708, winslow became a full member of Académie Royale des Sciences and publish many of his scientific contributions in Mémoires de l'Académie Royale des Sciences.[13] In 1732, Winslow published Anatomical Exposition of the Structure of the Human Body, which quickly became one of the mainstays in anatomy at that time and was published in several languages.[14] Winslow spent the rest of his life in Paris doing lectures on anatomy in the anatomical theater of Rue de la Bûcherie.[15] Winslow died in April 1760, and was buried in the Church of Saint-Benôit in Paris.[16]

Anatomical Exposition of the Structure of the Human Body was originally published in French in 1732, and was later translated into English by G. Douglas, M.D.[17] It is a two volume book separated into ten sections based on various anatomical parts.[18] The first volume contains the sections on the skeleton, fresh bones, and the muscles; the second volume contains sections on the arteries, veins, nerves, parts of the body in general, the abdomen, thorax, and the head.[19] Each of these sections are further subdivided into the smaller units of the general anatomy and discussions on their functions within the body.[20] At the end of the book, there are four tables diagramming the areas of the body discussed throughout the book.[21]

Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library

See also


  1. Westfall, Richard. "Winslow, Jacob." The Galileo Project. (Accessed November 11, 2018).
  2. Ibid.
  3. Bellary, Sharath, Andrew Walters, Jerzy Gielecki, Mohammadali Shoja, Shane Tubbs, and Marios Loukas. "Jacob B. Winslow (1669-1760)." Clinical Anatomy, 25 (2012). 545-547.
  4. Ibid.
  5. Haastrup, Gudrun. "Jacob Winsløw, Ludvig Holberg – og det anatomiske teater i Rue de la Bûcherie i Paris." AIGIS Supplementum III Marinus 80.
  6. Bellary, Walters, Gielecki, Shoja, Tubbs, and Loukas. "Jacob B. Winslow (1669-1760).
  7. Ibid.
  8. Haastrup. Jacob Winsløw, Ludvig Holberg – og det anatomiske teater i Rue de la Bûcherie i Paris."
  9. Bellary, Walters, Gielecki, SHoja, Tubbs, and Loukas. "Jacob B. Winslow (1699-1760)".
  10. Haastrup. "Jacob Winsløw, Ludvig Holberg – og det anatomiske teater i Rue de la Bûcherie i Paris."
  11. Ibid.
  12. Ibid.
  13. Ibid.
  14. Ibid.
  15. Ibid.
  16. Ibid.
  17. Winslow, Jacques. Anatomical Exposition of the Structure of the Human Body. London: A. Bettesworth and C. Hitch, J. Osborn and T. Longman, R. Ware, S. Birt, C. Davis and T. Astley, 1734.
  18. Ibid.
  19. Ibid.
  20. Ibid.
  21. Ibid.