Difference between revisions of "Ta tou Theokritou Sesomena"

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{{DISPLAYTITLE:''Ta tou Theokritou Sesomena = Theocriti Quae Extant''}}
 
{{DISPLAYTITLE:''Ta tou Theokritou Sesomena = Theocriti Quae Extant''}}
 
===by Theocritus===
 
===by Theocritus===
__NOTOC__
 
 
 
{{BookPageInfoBox
 
{{BookPageInfoBox
 
|imagename=TheocritusTaTouTheokritou1746.jpg
 
|imagename=TheocritusTaTouTheokritou1746.jpg
|link=https://catalog.swem.wm.edu/law/Record/3669678
+
|link=https://wm.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/01COWM_INST/g9pr7p/alma991023232539703196
|shorttitle=Ta tou Theokritou Sesomena = Theocriti Quae Extant  
+
|shorttitle=Ta tou Theokritou Sesomena = Theocriti Quae Extant
|author=Theocritus
+
|commontitle=The Works of Theocritus
|lang=Greek
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|author=[[:Category:Theocritus|Theocritus]]
|publoc=Glasguae
+
|lang=[[:Category:Greek|Greek]]
 +
|publoc=[[:Category:Glasgow|Glasguae]]
 
|publisher= In aedibus academicis excudebant Robertus et Andreas Foulis
 
|publisher= In aedibus academicis excudebant Robertus et Andreas Foulis
 
|year=1746
 
|year=1746
|set=1
+
|pages=[12], 192
}}Theocritus was a Hellenistic Greek poet who lived in the first half of the third century BCE in Syracuse on the island of Sicily.<ref>[http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780199548545.001.0001/acref-9780199548545-e-2903 "Theo'critus”] in ''The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature'', ed. by M.C. Howatson (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011).</ref> It is possible that Theocritus lived in south Italy for part of his life and even that he visited Alexandria, Egypt, during the reign of Ptolmy II Philadelphus.<ref>Ibid.</ref> Evidence for this is found in the fact that several of Theocritus’ poems are set in Alexandria and directly reference Ptolemy’s palace and life under his rule, specifically poems 15 and 17.<ref>[http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780192801463.001.0001/acref-9780192801463-e-2159 "Theocritus"] in ''Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World'', ed. by John Roberts (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007).</ref>   He invented the genre of pastoral or bucolic poetry which focused on artfully simplistic depictions of herdsmen singing of “themselves, their loves and quarrels.<ref>[http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780199548545.001.0001/acref-9780199548545-e-2257 "pastoral poetry”] in ''The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature'', ed. by M.C. Howatson (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011).</ref> Due to the relatively limited subject matter, bucolic poetry became used for allegorical comments on society and politics around the time of Virgil.<ref>Ibid.</ref> Theocritus’ extant works include thirty poems, several fragments of poems, and twenty-four epigrams, though the authenticity of all of them is doubtful.<ref>"Theocritus" in ''Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World''.</ref><br/>
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|desc=[[:Category:Octavos|8vo]] (21 cm.)
<br/>This work is a compilation of Theocritus’s extant poems published by two well-known and regarded Scottish publishers. Robert and Andrew Foulis (''ne'' Faulls) were brothers who opened their own publishing company and printing press in 18th century Glasgow.<ref>David Murray, ''Robert & Andrew Foulis and the Glasgow Press with some account of The Glasgow Academy of the Fine Arts'' (Glasgow: James Maclehose and Sons, Publishers to the University), 8.</ref> Robert was a barber before enrolling in University of Glasgow courses, while Andrew “received a more regular education…[as] a student of Humanity” who taught Greek, Latin and French for a time after he graduated.<ref>Ibid, 3.</ref> The brothers began as booksellers and then transitioned to publishing and printing books, with Robert initiating each endeavor before later being joined by Andrew.<ref>Ibid, 6-10.</ref> In 1740-42, Robert had other printers print that he chose to publish, but began printing his own books in 1742 which continued until his and his brother’s deaths in 1775 and 1776, respectively, when Andrew’s son Andrew took over The Foulis Press. <ref>Philip Gaskell, ''A Bibliography of the Foulis Press'', 2nd ed. (Winchester, Hampshire, England: St Paul's Bibliographies, 1986), 190.</ref> The Foulis Press primarily produced text books and other “works of learning…and of general literature,” as it was the printer to the University of Glasgow.<ref>Ibid, 17-18.</ref> The press is unique for the plethora of variant issues and editions of published books on special paper, in special font, or even on copper plates.<ref>Ibid, 18-19.</ref>
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|shelf=I-4
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}}[[wikipedia:Theocritus|Theocritus]] was a Hellenistic Greek poet who lived in the first half of the third century BCE in Syracuse, on the island of Sicily.<ref>[http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780199548545.001.0001/acref-9780199548545-e-2903 "Theo'critus”] in ''The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature'', ed. by M.C. Howatson (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011).</ref> It is possible that Theocritus lived in south Italy for part of his life, and that he visited Alexandria, Egypt during the reign of Ptolemy II Philadelphus.<ref>Ibid.</ref> Several of Theocritus’ poems are set in Alexandria and directly reference Ptolemy’s palace and life under his rule, specifically poems 15 and 17.<ref>[http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780192801463.001.0001/acref-9780192801463-e-2159 "Theocritus"] in ''Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World'', ed. by John Roberts (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007).</ref>
 +
{{BookPageBookplate
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|imagename=TheocritusTaTouTheokritouSesomena1746Bookplate.jpg
 +
|display=left
 +
|caption=Bookplate of G. L., Bishop of Kilmore, front pastedown.
 +
}}Theocritus invented the genre of pastoral or bucolic poetry that focused on artfully simplistic depictions of herdsmen singing of "themselves, their loves and quarrels."<ref>[http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780199548545.001.0001/acref-9780199548545-e-2257 "pastoral poetry"] in ''The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature'', ed. by M.C. Howatson (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011).</ref> Due to the relatively limited subject matter, bucolic poetry became used for allegorical comments on society and politics around the time of Virgil.<ref>Ibid.</ref> Theocritus' extant works include thirty poems, several fragments of poems, and twenty-four epigrams, though the authenticity of all of them is doubtful.<ref>"Theocritus" in ''Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World''.</ref>
  
 
==Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library==
 
==Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library==
Listed in the [[Jefferson Inventory]] of [[Wythe's Library]] as ''Theocritus Gr. Lat. 4to. Foul.'' and given by [[Thomas Jefferson]] to his grandson [[Thomas Jefferson Randolph]]. Both [http://www.librarything.com/profile/GeorgeWythe George Wythe's Library]<ref>''LibraryThing'', s. v. "Member: George Wythe," accessed on November 13, 2013, http://www.librarything.com/profile/GeorgeWythe </ref> on LibraryThing and the [https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433 Brown Bibliography]<ref> Bennie Brown, "The Library of George Wythe of Williamsburg and Richmond," (unpublished manuscript, May, 2012) Microsoft Word file. Earlier edition available at: https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433</ref> list the 1746 edition published by Foulis&mdash;this is the edition the Wolf Law Library purchased.
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Listed in the [[Jefferson Inventory]] of [[Wythe's Library]] as ''Theocritus Gr. Lat. 4to. Foul.'' and given by [[Thomas Jefferson]] to his grandson [[Thomas Jefferson Randolph]]. Both [http://www.librarything.com/profile/GeorgeWythe George Wythe's Library]<ref>''LibraryThing'', s. v. "Member: George Wythe," accessed on November 13, 2013, http://www.librarything.com/profile/GeorgeWythe </ref> on LibraryThing and the [https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433 Brown Bibliography]<ref> Bennie Brown, "The Library of George Wythe of Williamsburg and Richmond," (unpublished manuscript, May, 2012) Microsoft Word file. Earlier edition available at: https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433</ref> list the 1746 edition published by Foulis, and this is the edition the Wolf Law Library purchased.
  
 
==Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy==
 
==Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy==
Small quarto bound in contemporary calf, rebacked to style, black calf label. Contains engraved armorial bookplate of the Bishop of Kilmore, dated 1774, with later owners' signatures dated 1842 and 1942. Purchased from Michael R. Thompson Books.
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Small quarto bound in contemporary calf, rebacked to style, black calf label. Contains the engraved armorial bookplate of the G. L., Bishop of Kilmore, dated 1774 on the front pastedown. Former owner signatures of "W. Ross King, 1842" and "Angela Cambitzi, 1942" are on the front free endpaper. Purchased from Michael R. Thompson Books.
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[[File:TheocritusTaTouTheokritouSesomena1746Inscription.jpg|left|thumb|350px|<center>Inscriptions, front free endpaper.</center>]]
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Images of the library's copy of this book are [https://www.flickr.com/photos/wolflawlibrary/albums/72157637634714286 available on Flickr.] View the record for this book in [https://wm.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/01COWM_INST/g9pr7p/alma991023232539703196 William & Mary's online catalog.]
 +
 
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==See also==
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<div style="overflow: hidden;">
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*[[George Wythe Room]]
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*''[[Idylliums of Theocritus|The Idylliums of Theocritus]]''
 +
*[[Jefferson Inventory]]
 +
*[[Wythe's Library]]
 +
</div>
  
View this book in [https://catalog.swem.wm.edu/law/Record/3669678 William & Mary's online catalog.]
 
 
==References==
 
==References==
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<div style="overflow: hidden;">
 
<references/>
 
<references/>
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</div>
  
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__NOTOC__
 
[[Category:George Wythe Collection at William & Mary's Wolf Law Library]]
 
[[Category:George Wythe Collection at William & Mary's Wolf Law Library]]
 
[[Category:Greek Literature]]
 
[[Category:Greek Literature]]
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[[Category:Theocritus]]
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[[Category:Thomas Jefferson Randolph's Books]]
 
[[Category:Titles in Wythe's Library]]
 
[[Category:Titles in Wythe's Library]]
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[[Category:Glasgow]]
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[[Category:Greek]]
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[[Category:Octavos]]

Latest revision as of 14:46, 28 October 2021

by Theocritus

The Works of Theocritus
TheocritusTaTouTheokritou1746.jpg

Title page from Ta tou Theokritou Sesomena = Theocriti Quae Extant, George Wythe Collection, Wolf Law Library, College of William & Mary.

Author Theocritus
Editor {{{editor}}}
Translator {{{trans}}}
Published Glasguae: In aedibus academicis excudebant Robertus et Andreas Foulis
Date 1746
Edition {{{edition}}}
Language Greek
Volumes {{{set}}} volume set
Pages [12], 192
Desc. 8vo (21 cm.)
Location Shelf I-4
  [[Shelf {{{shelf2}}}]]

Theocritus was a Hellenistic Greek poet who lived in the first half of the third century BCE in Syracuse, on the island of Sicily.[1] It is possible that Theocritus lived in south Italy for part of his life, and that he visited Alexandria, Egypt during the reign of Ptolemy II Philadelphus.[2] Several of Theocritus’ poems are set in Alexandria and directly reference Ptolemy’s palace and life under his rule, specifically poems 15 and 17.[3]

Bookplate of G. L., Bishop of Kilmore, front pastedown.

Theocritus invented the genre of pastoral or bucolic poetry that focused on artfully simplistic depictions of herdsmen singing of "themselves, their loves and quarrels."[4] Due to the relatively limited subject matter, bucolic poetry became used for allegorical comments on society and politics around the time of Virgil.[5] Theocritus' extant works include thirty poems, several fragments of poems, and twenty-four epigrams, though the authenticity of all of them is doubtful.[6]

Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library

Listed in the Jefferson Inventory of Wythe's Library as Theocritus Gr. Lat. 4to. Foul. and given by Thomas Jefferson to his grandson Thomas Jefferson Randolph. Both George Wythe's Library[7] on LibraryThing and the Brown Bibliography[8] list the 1746 edition published by Foulis, and this is the edition the Wolf Law Library purchased.

Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy

Small quarto bound in contemporary calf, rebacked to style, black calf label. Contains the engraved armorial bookplate of the G. L., Bishop of Kilmore, dated 1774 on the front pastedown. Former owner signatures of "W. Ross King, 1842" and "Angela Cambitzi, 1942" are on the front free endpaper. Purchased from Michael R. Thompson Books.

Inscriptions, front free endpaper.

Images of the library's copy of this book are available on Flickr. View the record for this book in William & Mary's online catalog.

See also

References

  1. "Theo'critus” in The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature, ed. by M.C. Howatson (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011).
  2. Ibid.
  3. "Theocritus" in Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World, ed. by John Roberts (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007).
  4. "pastoral poetry" in The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature, ed. by M.C. Howatson (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011).
  5. Ibid.
  6. "Theocritus" in Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World.
  7. LibraryThing, s. v. "Member: George Wythe," accessed on November 13, 2013, http://www.librarything.com/profile/GeorgeWythe
  8. Bennie Brown, "The Library of George Wythe of Williamsburg and Richmond," (unpublished manuscript, May, 2012) Microsoft Word file. Earlier edition available at: https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433