Spartan Lessons

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by Tyrtaeus

Spartan Lessons

Title page from Spartan Lessons, George Wythe Collection, Wolf Law Library, College of William & Mary.

Author Tyrtaeus
Editor {{{editor}}}
Translator {{{trans}}}
Published Glasgow: Robert and Andrew Foulis
Date 1759
Edition First Foulis edition
Language Greek text, followed by English commentary and Latin translation
Volumes {{{set}}} volume set
Pages xxvii, 30
Desc. 4to (20 cm.)
Location [[Shelf {{{shelf}}}]]
  [[Shelf {{{shelf2}}}]]
Illustration of Hercules Victor.
Tyrtaeus (685-668 BCE) was a Greek elegiac poet, probably born in Sparta. His war songs inspired the Spartans during the second Messenian War (650-630 B.C.E.)[1] and are examples of early Spartan militarism.[2] The name Tyrtaeus has been given to many martial poets who have encouraged their countrymen to deeds of arms and victory.[3]

Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library

Listed in the Jefferson Inventory of Wythe's Library as Tyrtaeus. Gr. Lat. 4to. Foul. This was one of the titles kept by Thomas Jefferson and later sold to the Library of Congress in 1815. Both George Wythe's Library[4] on LibraryThing and the Brown Bibliography[5] list the 1759 edition published in Glasgow. This is also the edition Millicent Sowerby's included in Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson,[6] however, Jefferson's copy no longer exists. The Wolf Law Library chose to add the edition suggested by Sowerby, Brown, and LibraryThing. Gaskell-Foulis, pp. 233-234

Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy

Includes marbled endpapers and pencil inscription "1579" on title page.

View this book in William & Mary's online catalog.


  1. Chambers Biographical Dictionary, s.v. "Tyrtaeus", accessed September 27, 2013.
  2. The Hutchinson Encyclopedia, s.v. "Tyrtaeus (lived 7th century BC)", accessed September 27, 2013.
  3. Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, s.v. "Tyrtaeus", accessed September 27, 2013, .
  4. LibraryThing, s. v. "Member: George Wythe" accessed on February 20, 2014.
  5. Bennie Brown, "The Library of George Wythe of Williamsburg and Richmond," (unpublished manuscript, May, 2012) Microsoft Word file. Earlier edition available at:
  6. E. Millicent Sowerby, ""Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson 2nd ed. (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1983), 1:8 [no.4397].