Difference between revisions of "Pleas of the Crown"

From Wythepedia: The George Wythe Encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
(Created page with "{{DISPLAYTITLE:''Pleas of the Crown''}} <big>''Pleas of the Crown, or, A Methodical Summary of the Principal Matters Relating to that Subject''</big> ===by Sir Matthew Hale===...")
 
m (by Sir Matthew Hale)
(17 intermediate revisions by 8 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
 
{{DISPLAYTITLE:''Pleas of the Crown''}}
 
{{DISPLAYTITLE:''Pleas of the Crown''}}
<big>''Pleas of the Crown, or, A Methodical Summary of the Principal Matters Relating to that Subject''</big>
 
 
===by Sir Matthew Hale===
 
===by Sir Matthew Hale===
__NOTOC__
 
 
{{BookPageInfoBox
 
{{BookPageInfoBox
|imagename=
+
|imagename=HalePleasOfTheCrown1716TitlePage.jpg
|link=https://catalog.swem.wm.edu/law/Record/10829
+
|link=http://wm-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/01COWM_WM:EVERYTHING:01COWM_WM_ALMA21587855930003196
|shorttitle=Pleas of the Crown, or, A Methodical Summary of the Principal Matters Relating to that Subject
+
|shorttitle=Pleas of the Crown
|commontitle=Pleas of the Crown
+
|author=[[:Category:Matthew Hale|Sir Matthew Hale]]
|author=Sir Matthew Hale
+
|publoc=[[:Category:London|[London] In the Savoy]]
|edition=Fifth
 
|lang=English
 
|publoc=London, In the Savoy
 
 
|publisher=Printed by J.N., assignee of Edw. Sayer, Esq;, for J. Walthoe ... and J. Walthoe junr.
 
|publisher=Printed by J.N., assignee of Edw. Sayer, Esq;, for J. Walthoe ... and J. Walthoe junr.
 
|year=1716
 
|year=1716
|pages=18, 272, 8, 1-143, 1
+
|edition=Fifth
|desc= (20 cm.)
+
|lang=[[:Category:English|English]]
}}
+
|pages=[18], 272, [8], 1-143, [1] p.
 +
|desc=[[:Category:Octavos|8vo]] (20 cm.)
 +
|shelf=G-2
 +
}}Sir [[wikipedia:Matthew Hale (jurist)|Matthew Hale]] (1609 &ndash; 1676) attended [[wikipedia:Lincoln's Inn|Lincoln's Inn]] to study the law in the footsteps of his father.<ref>A. Cromartie, "[http://www.oxforddnb.com.proxy.wm.edu/view/article/11905 Hale, Sir Mathew (b.c 1609 d. in 1676)]" in ''Oxford Dictionary of National Biography'' (Oxford University Press, 2004- ), accessed October 9, 2013.</ref> At Lincoln's Inn, Hale became very close with the attorney general, [[wikipedia:William Noy|William Noy]] (d. 1634).<ref>H. Flander, "Sir Matthew Hale," ''University of Pennsylvania Law Review and American Law Register'' 56 (1908), 6.</ref> Noy is believed to have helped shape Hale's love for medieval transcripts,<ref>Ibid.</ref> which would lead to Hale’s later work. Hale entered the bar in 1636 after the normal seven years of schooling.<ref>Cromartie, "Hale, Sir Mathew."</ref> In 1671, he became the chief justice of the [[wikipedia:Court of King's Bench (England)|Court of King's Bench]].<ref>Ibid.</ref>
 +
 
 +
Hale's ''Pleas of the Crown: or, a Methodical Summary of the Principal Matters relating to that Subject'' was first published in 1678, two years after Hale’s death.<ref>P.R. Glazebrook, introduction to [http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=inu.39000007848430;view=1up;seq=9 ''Pleas of the Crown: A Methodical Summary, 1678''], by Matthew Hale (London: Professional Books Limited, 1972), iii.</ref> It was likely written "about the end of the Reign of King Charles the First,"<ref>Anonymous, preface to ''Pleas of the Crown: A Methodical Summary, 1678'', by Matthew Hale (London: Professional Books Limited, 1972), xvii.</ref> perhaps in the 1640s, and was probably Hale’s first attempt at providing a comprehensive and organized analysis of the law.<ref>Glazebrook, Introduction, v.</ref> In ''Pleas of the Crown'', Hale focused on the criminal law, a subject with which he dealt in depth in a later and more famous work, the ''[[Historia Placitorum Coronae]]''.<ref>Ibid.</ref>
 +
 
 +
Although ''Pleas of the Crown'' was first published anonymously in an edition with many errors and omissions,<ref>Preface, xiii.</ref> it was still a popular and widely referenced text that appeared in seven editions between 1678 and 1773.<ref>Glazebrook, Introduction, vi-viii.</ref> Few other books on criminal law were in circulation at the time: Coke's ''[[Third Part of the Institutes of the Laws of England|The Third Part of the Institutes of the Laws of England]]'' was over thirty years old, and Hale's own ''Historia Placitorum Coronae'' would not be published until 1736.<ref>Ibid.</ref> Today, Hale's first book is considered little more than a precursor to his more important works, a "much sketchier notebook on the subject [of the criminal law]" than the ''Historia Placitorum Coronae,''<ref>Cromartie, "Hale, Sir Matthew."</ref> and a "brief and inaccurate digest of the criminal law."<ref>Leslie Stephen and Sydney Lee, eds., "[http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=nyp.33433082198262;view=1up;seq=31. Hale, Matthew]," in ''Dictionary of National Biography, Vol. XXIV, Hailes-Harriott'' (London: Smith, Elder, & Co.: 1890).</ref>
 +
 
 
==Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library==
 
==Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library==
 +
[[Dean Bibliography|Dean's Memo]]<ref>[[Dean Bibliography|Memorandum from Barbara C. Dean]], Colonial Williamsburg Found., to Mrs. Stiverson, Colonial Williamsburg Found. (June 16, 1975), 11 (on file at Wolf Law Library, College of William & Mary).</ref> suggests Wythe owned the sixth edition (1759) of this title based on notes in John Marshall's commonplace book.<ref>Herbert A. Johnson, Charles T. Cullen, and Nancy G. Harris, eds., ''The Papers of John Marshall'', (Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, in association with the Institute of Early American History and Culture, 1974), 1:43.</ref> While ''The Papers of John Marshall'' does list the 1759 edition, no evidence exists which ties that particular edition to George Wythe. Thus, the Wolf Law Library moved a copy of the fifth edition (1716) from the existing rare books collection to the [[George Wythe Collection]].
  
 
==Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy==
 
==Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy==
Bound in contemporary blind calf with recent reback; red leather label with gold tooling; "Thomas Hill" on front cover; "Andren" on back cover; "Hor. Binney from G. Schetky" and "Potter R.J." on flyleaf; "William Bingham" and "William Binney stamped on title page"; "George Schetky" on title page.
+
Bound in contemporary blind calf with recent reback. Spine features a red leather label with gold tooling. Inscribed "Thomas Hill" on the front cover, "Andrew (name scratched out)" on the back cover, with "Hor. Binney from G. Schetky" and "E. R. Potter, R. I." written on the front flyleaf. Title paged stamped "William Bingham" and "William Binney," with "Carr & Schetky" written below. First page of preface signed "E. R. Potter, R. I." (perhaps statesman and jurist [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elisha_R._Potter Elisha R. Potter]) and "Hamilton." Purchased through the generosity of Daniel W. Baran and Lena Stratton Baran, Class of 1936.
 +
 
 +
Images of the library's copy of this book are [https://www.flickr.com/photos/wolflawlibrary/sets/72157659734169749 available on Flickr.] View the record for this book in [http://wm-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/01COWM_WM:EVERYTHING:01COWM_WM_ALMA21587855930003196 William & Mary's online catalog.]
 +
 
 +
===Full text===
 +
<div style="overflow: hidden;">
 +
*[http://lawlibrary.wm.edu/wythepedia/library/HalePleasOfTheCrown1716.pdf ''Pleas of the Crown''] (11MB PDF)
 +
</div>
 +
 
 +
==See also==
 +
*[[George Wythe Room]]
 +
*''[[History of the Pleas of the Crown|Historia Placitorum Coronæ. The History of the Pleas of the Crown]]''
 +
*''[[History of the Common Law of England|The History of the Common Law of England]]''
 +
*[[Wythe's Library]]
  
View this book in [https://catalog.swem.wm.edu/law/Record/10829 William & Mary's online catalog.]
+
==References==
===References===
 
 
<references/>
 
<references/>
  
 +
==External Links==
 +
Read this book in [http://books.google.com/books?id=V3BBAAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover Google Books.]
 +
 +
__NOTOC__
 
[[Category:Criminal Law]]
 
[[Category:Criminal Law]]
 
[[Category:George Wythe Collection at William & Mary's Wolf Law Library]]
 
[[Category:George Wythe Collection at William & Mary's Wolf Law Library]]
 +
[[Category:Matthew Hale]]
 
[[Category:Titles in Wythe's Library]]
 
[[Category:Titles in Wythe's Library]]
 +
 +
[[Category:English]]
 +
[[Category:London]]
 +
[[Category:Octavos]]

Revision as of 08:45, 7 January 2020

by Sir Matthew Hale

Pleas of the Crown
HalePleasOfTheCrown1716TitlePage.jpg

Title page from Pleas of the Crown, George Wythe Collection, Wolf Law Library, College of William & Mary.

Author Sir Matthew Hale
Editor {{{editor}}}
Translator {{{trans}}}
Published [London] In the Savoy: Printed by J.N., assignee of Edw. Sayer, Esq;, for J. Walthoe ... and J. Walthoe junr.
Date 1716
Edition Fifth
Language English
Volumes {{{set}}} volume set
Pages [18], 272, [8], 1-143, [1] p.
Desc. 8vo (20 cm.)
Location Shelf G-2
  [[Shelf {{{shelf2}}}]]

Sir Matthew Hale (1609 – 1676) attended Lincoln's Inn to study the law in the footsteps of his father.[1] At Lincoln's Inn, Hale became very close with the attorney general, William Noy (d. 1634).[2] Noy is believed to have helped shape Hale's love for medieval transcripts,[3] which would lead to Hale’s later work. Hale entered the bar in 1636 after the normal seven years of schooling.[4] In 1671, he became the chief justice of the Court of King's Bench.[5]

Hale's Pleas of the Crown: or, a Methodical Summary of the Principal Matters relating to that Subject was first published in 1678, two years after Hale’s death.[6] It was likely written "about the end of the Reign of King Charles the First,"[7] perhaps in the 1640s, and was probably Hale’s first attempt at providing a comprehensive and organized analysis of the law.[8] In Pleas of the Crown, Hale focused on the criminal law, a subject with which he dealt in depth in a later and more famous work, the Historia Placitorum Coronae.[9]

Although Pleas of the Crown was first published anonymously in an edition with many errors and omissions,[10] it was still a popular and widely referenced text that appeared in seven editions between 1678 and 1773.[11] Few other books on criminal law were in circulation at the time: Coke's The Third Part of the Institutes of the Laws of England was over thirty years old, and Hale's own Historia Placitorum Coronae would not be published until 1736.[12] Today, Hale's first book is considered little more than a precursor to his more important works, a "much sketchier notebook on the subject [of the criminal law]" than the Historia Placitorum Coronae,[13] and a "brief and inaccurate digest of the criminal law."[14]

Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library

Dean's Memo[15] suggests Wythe owned the sixth edition (1759) of this title based on notes in John Marshall's commonplace book.[16] While The Papers of John Marshall does list the 1759 edition, no evidence exists which ties that particular edition to George Wythe. Thus, the Wolf Law Library moved a copy of the fifth edition (1716) from the existing rare books collection to the George Wythe Collection.

Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy

Bound in contemporary blind calf with recent reback. Spine features a red leather label with gold tooling. Inscribed "Thomas Hill" on the front cover, "Andrew (name scratched out)" on the back cover, with "Hor. Binney from G. Schetky" and "E. R. Potter, R. I." written on the front flyleaf. Title paged stamped "William Bingham" and "William Binney," with "Carr & Schetky" written below. First page of preface signed "E. R. Potter, R. I." (perhaps statesman and jurist Elisha R. Potter) and "Hamilton." Purchased through the generosity of Daniel W. Baran and Lena Stratton Baran, Class of 1936.

Images of the library's copy of this book are available on Flickr. View the record for this book in William & Mary's online catalog.

Full text

See also

References

  1. A. Cromartie, "Hale, Sir Mathew (b.c 1609 d. in 1676)" in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press, 2004- ), accessed October 9, 2013.
  2. H. Flander, "Sir Matthew Hale," University of Pennsylvania Law Review and American Law Register 56 (1908), 6.
  3. Ibid.
  4. Cromartie, "Hale, Sir Mathew."
  5. Ibid.
  6. P.R. Glazebrook, introduction to Pleas of the Crown: A Methodical Summary, 1678, by Matthew Hale (London: Professional Books Limited, 1972), iii.
  7. Anonymous, preface to Pleas of the Crown: A Methodical Summary, 1678, by Matthew Hale (London: Professional Books Limited, 1972), xvii.
  8. Glazebrook, Introduction, v.
  9. Ibid.
  10. Preface, xiii.
  11. Glazebrook, Introduction, vi-viii.
  12. Ibid.
  13. Cromartie, "Hale, Sir Matthew."
  14. Leslie Stephen and Sydney Lee, eds., "Hale, Matthew," in Dictionary of National Biography, Vol. XXIV, Hailes-Harriott (London: Smith, Elder, & Co.: 1890).
  15. Memorandum from Barbara C. Dean, Colonial Williamsburg Found., to Mrs. Stiverson, Colonial Williamsburg Found. (June 16, 1975), 11 (on file at Wolf Law Library, College of William & Mary).
  16. Herbert A. Johnson, Charles T. Cullen, and Nancy G. Harris, eds., The Papers of John Marshall, (Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, in association with the Institute of Early American History and Culture, 1974), 1:43.

External Links

Read this book in Google Books.