The Philosophical Works of the Late Right Honorable Henry St. John, Lord Viscount Bolingbroke
by Henry St. John Bolingbroke
Henry St. John, First Viscount Bolingbroke (1678-1751), was a prominent member of the Tory party in the British Parliament from 1701 until the 1714 shift of power to the Whigs. After joining the failed 1715 Jacobite Rebellion as secretary of state to James Stuart, he was exiled to France until his pardon in 1723. During his exile, he encountered the ideas of the French Enlightenment and devoted much time to philosophical study, struggling to develop a system of morality grounded in natural law and reason and tending towards a deist worldview. His Philosophical Works grew out of this period and his subsequent study, and were first published three years after his death.
Bolingbroke’s works had some influence in the American colonial period: John Adams claimed to have read through his works five times, and Bolingbroke influenced Pope and Swift, who were widely read in the colonies. Additionally, Bolingbroke’s Philosophical Works was a favorite of Jefferson, who copied approximately 10,000 words from the work into his Literary Commonplace Book, complied in the 1760s.
Author: Henry St. John Bolingbroke.
Title: The Philosophical Works of the Late Right Honorable Henry St. John, Lord Viscount Bolingbroke: in Five Volumes.
Publication Info: London: Published by David Mallet, Esq., 1754.
Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library
Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy
Bound in full calf. Purchased from Alex Alec-Smith.
View this book in William & Mary's online catalog.
- H. T. Dickinson,"St John, Henry, styled first Viscount Bolingbroke (1678–1751)", in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press, 2004-), accessed September 25, 2013. (Subscription required for access.)
- Robert M. Weir, "Review: Bolingbroke and His Circle, The Politics of Nostalgia in the Age of Walpole by Isaac Kramnick," South Carolina Historical Magazine 70, no. 4 (1969): 270.
- "Religion in Eighteenth-Century America - Religion and the Founding of the American Republic | Exhibitions - Library of Congress" Library of Congress, accessed September 25, 2013 http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/religion/rel02.html.