Difference between revisions of "Odyssey of Homer"

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{{BookPageInfoBox
|imagename=ImageFile.jpg
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|imagename=HomerOdyssey1752v1TitlePage.jpg
|link=https://catalog.swem.wm.edu/law/Record/3474032
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|link=https://wm.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/01COWM_INST/g9pr7p/alma991017623989703196
 
|shorttitle=The Odyssey of Homer
 
|shorttitle=The Odyssey of Homer
 
|vol=volume one
 
|vol=volume one
|author=Homer
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|author=[[:Category:Homer|Homer]]
 
|trans=Henry Lintot
 
|trans=Henry Lintot
|publoc=London
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|publoc=[[:Category:London|London]]
 
|publisher=Printed for Henry Lintot
 
|publisher=Printed for Henry Lintot
 
|year=1752
 
|year=1752
|lang=English
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|lang=[[:Category:English|English]]
 
|set=5
 
|set=5
|desc=12 mo. (17 cm.)
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|desc=[[:Category:Duodecimos|12mo]] (17 cm.)
}}Little is known about the life of Homer.  Even in Greek antiquity, no one knew anything for certain about the poet responsible for the Iliad and the Odyssey. Herodotus claimed he lived around 850BCE, while modern scholars usually date his poems to the second half of the eighth century BCE.<ref>[http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780199548545.001.0001/acref-9780199548545-e-1550 "Homer”] in ''The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature'', ed. by M.C. Howatson (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011).</ref> The Trojan War is estimated to have occurred at the end of the Mycenaean Age in Greece, around 1200BCE, meaning that Homer was looking back over 400 years to a heroic world much greater (in his esteem) than the contemporary world. Homer had to rely on a combination of evidence from the oral tradition in order to compose his poems, which provides some of the basis for the “separatist” view that the two epic poems were not written by the same person or perhaps were not written by just one poet at all but a combination of poets. It still cannot be proven whether both poems were written by the same person (scholars have spent entire careers trying to prove their view), but it is generally accepted that each poem can be attributed to a single person, whether that poet is one in the same or not. Regardless, the mixed dialect of Ionian Greek that each poem is originally written in indicates that both poems were written in the east Aegean. This is supported by contextual clues in the poems themselves. The two most plausible locations for the birth of Homer are Smyrna and Chios, but ancient Greeks viewed the poet as a blind minstrel wandering while he composed his epic poems which were sung or chanted to an accompaniment by the poet on a lyre. One can see from this, the similarity between the wanderings of Odysseus and Homer.<ref>Ibid.</ref><br/>
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|shelf=H-4
<br/>Homer’s ''Odyssey'' is an epic poem consisting of 24 books telling the story of the Trojan War hero Odysseus’s ten year journey trying to get home to his wife Penelope and son Telemachus in Ithaca, where he is king. This epic is distinct from the ''Iliad'' for, even though it refers to a Trojan War character, it is a more romantic rather than heroic/tragic poem. It is very clear in the ''Odyssey'' who the “good” and “bad” characters are, and therefore who the readers (or more accurately as it was intended to be recited orally, the listeners) should be rooting for. Odysseus is shown through much of Greek mythological writing as an intelligent and crafty individual: first tricking Achilles into agreeing to join the Greeks against the Trojans and secondly tricking the Trojans with the giant wooden horse which ended the war. In the ''Odyssey'', Odysseus’s familial devotion, general intelligence, and his “eternal human quality[y] of resolution” contrast with the barbaric creatures he meets on his adventures, as well as with the suitors attempting to woo his wife.<ref>[http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780192801463.001.0001/acref-9780192801463-e-1070 "Homer"] in ''Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World'', ed. by John Roberts (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007).</ref> Odysseus’s supreme human qualities served as an example to Greek men of idyllic behavior, just as Penelope’s devotion to her husband and home showed Greek women how to behave. Furthermore, these two characters were used throughout European literature to exemplify ideal behavior.  The strong moral themes through the ''Odyssey'' in no way take away from the exciting adventures Odysseus encountered from the Cyclopes to the Lotus Eaters to the Sirens to tricking and slaughtering his wife’s suitors.
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}}[[File:OdysseyOfHomer1752Frontispiece.jpg|left|thumb|270px|<center>Frontispiece portrait of Homer, volume one.</center>]]Little is known about the life of Homer, the poet responsible for the ''Iliad'' and the ''Odyssey''. Herodotus claimed Homer lived around 850 BCE, while modern scholars usually date his poems to the second half of the eighth century BCE.<ref>[http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780199548545.001.0001/acref-9780199548545-e-1550 "Homer”] in ''The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature'', ed. by M.C. Howatson (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011).</ref> The Trojan War is estimated to have occurred at the end of the Mycenaean Age in Greece, around 1200 BCE, meaning that Homer was looking back four centuries to a heroic world much greater in his esteem, than the contemporary world. Homer relied on oral history to compose his poems; this provides some of the basis for the "separatist" view that the two epic poems were not written by the same person, but possibly by a combination of poets. The mixed dialect of Ionian Greek in which  each poem was originally written indicates that both poems were written in the east Aegean. This is supported by contextual clues in the poems themselves. The two most plausible locations for the birth of Homer are Smyrna and Chios, but ancient Greeks viewed the poet as a blind minstrel wandering while he composed the poems, which were sung or chanted, accompanied by a lyre.<br/>
 
+
<br/>
 +
Homer’s ''Odyssey'' is an epic poem consisting of 24 books telling the story of the Trojan War hero Odysseus' ten-year journey trying to get home to his wife Penelope and son Telemachus in Ithaca, where Odysseus is king. This epic is distinct from the ''Iliad'' in that it is a more romantic than heroic/tragic poem. It is clear in the ''Odyssey'' who the “good” and “bad” characters are, and therefore with whom the readers (or more accurately the listeners, as it was intended to be recited orally) should emphathize. Odysseus is shown through much of Greek mythological writing as intelligent and crafty. He tricked Achilles into agreeing to join the Greeks against the Trojans, and tricked the Trojans with the giant wooden horse that helped to end the war. In the ''Odyssey'', Odysseus' familial devotion and "eternal human quality[y] of resolution" contrast with the barbaric creatures he meets on his adventures, as well as with the suitors attempting to woo his wife.<ref>"Homer" in ''Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World''.</ref> Odysseus' humaneness served as a model to Greek men, just as Penelope’s devotion to her husband and home showed Greek women how to behave. The strong moral themes in the ''Odyssey'' in no way take away from the exciting adventures Odysseus encountered, from the Cyclopes to the Lotus Eaters to the Sirens, and to tricking and defeating Penelope’s suitors.
 
==Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library==
 
==Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library==
Listed in the [[Jefferson Inventory]] of [[Wythe's Library]] twice as ''Pope’s Odyssey. 5.v. 12mo.'' and ''[Pope’s] Odyssey. 5.v. 12mo.'' Given by [[Thomas Jefferson]] to his granddaughters, [[Ann Cary Randolph Bankhead|Ann]] and [[Ellen Wayles Randolph Coolidge|Ellen Randolph]]. The precise edition of the set owned by Wythe is unknown. [http://www.librarything.com/profile/GeorgeWythe George Wythe's Library]<ref>''LibraryThing'', s. v. "Member: George Wythe," accessed on November 18, 2013, http://www.librarything.com/profile/GeorgeWythe </ref> on LibraryThing indicates as much, adding "Five-volume editions in duodecimo were published at London in 1725-26, 1745, 1752, and 1758." The [https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433 Brown Bibliography]<ref> Bennie Brown, "The Library of George Wythe of Williamsburg and Richmond," (unpublished manuscript, May, 2012) Microsoft Word file. Earlier edition available at: https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433</ref> lists a 1752 edition published in London, translated by Alexander Pope, based on the copy Jefferson sold to the Library of Congress.<ref>E. Millicent Sowerby, ''Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson'', 2nd ed. (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1983), 4:417 [no.4272].</ref> The Wolf Law Library purchased a copy of the 1752 edition.
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[[File:OdysseyOfHomer1752PlateBXII.jpg|left|thumb|300px|<center>"How Ulisses escap'd the Syrens," plate B.XII, volume three.</center>]]
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Listed in the [[Jefferson Inventory]] of [[Wythe's Library]] twice as ''Pope’s Odyssey. 5.v. 12mo.'' and ''[Pope’s] Odyssey. 5.v. 12mo.'' Given by [[Thomas Jefferson]] to his granddaughters, [[Ann Cary Randolph Bankhead|Ann]] and [[Ellen Wayles Randolph Coolidge|Ellen Randolph]]. The precise edition of the set owned by Wythe is unknown. [http://www.librarything.com/profile/GeorgeWythe George Wythe's Library]<ref>''LibraryThing'', s. v. "[http://www.librarything.com/profile/GeorgeWythe Member: George Wythe]," accessed on November 18, 2013.</ref> on LibraryThing indicates as much, adding "Five-volume editions in duodecimo were published at London in 1725-26, 1745, 1752, and 1758." The [https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433 Brown Bibliography]<ref> Bennie Brown, "The Library of George Wythe of Williamsburg and Richmond," (unpublished manuscript, May, 2012) Microsoft Word file. Earlier edition available at: https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433</ref> lists a 1752 edition published in London, translated by Alexander Pope, based on the copy Jefferson sold to the Library of Congress.<ref>E. Millicent Sowerby, ''Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson'', (Washington, D.C.: The Library of Congress, 1952-1959), 4:417 [[http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015033648125;view=1up;seq=437 no.4272]].</ref> The Wolf Law Library followed Brown's recommendation and purchased a copy of the 1752 edition.
  
 
==Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy==
 
==Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy==
Bound in 12mo worn leather on 5 raised bands spine gilt. Purchased from Abbey Antiquarian Books.  
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Bound in full leather with gilt-ruled boards, five raised bands and gilt to spine. Purchased from Abbey Antiquarian Books.  
  
View this book in [https://catalog.swem.wm.edu/law/Record/3474032 William & Mary's online catalog.]
+
Images of the library's copy of this book are [https://www.flickr.com/photos/wolflawlibrary/sets/72157660358018600 available on Flickr.] View the record for this book in [https://wm.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/01COWM_INST/g9pr7p/alma991017623989703196 William & Mary's online catalog.]
==External Links==
+
 
[http://books.google.com/books?id=p9JOAAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=The+Odyssey+of+Homer+1752&hl=en&sa=X&ei=I2DlUdaBJdX84AOr5YDgCA&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=The%20Odyssey%20of%20Homer%201752&f=false Google Books]
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==See also==
 +
<div style="overflow: hidden;">
 +
*''[[Homeri Ilias]]''
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*''[[Homerou Ilias kai Odysseia]]''
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*''[[Homerou Iliados|Tēs tou Homērou Iliados]]''
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*''[[Homērou Odysseia]]''
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*''[[Homerou Odysseias|Tēs tou Homērou Odysseias]]''
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*''[[Iliad of Homer|The Iliad of Homer]]''
 +
*''[[Ilias kai eis Auten Scholia ton Palaion|Ilias kai eis Auten Scholia ton Palaion = Homeri Ilias et Veterum in eam Scholia, quae Vulgo Appellantur Didymi]]''
 +
*''[[Incerti Scriptoris Graeci Fabulae Aliquot Homericae de Ulixis Erroribus|Incerti Scriptoris Graeci Fabulae Aliquot Homericae de Ulixis Erroribus, Ethice Explicatae]]''
 +
*[[George Wythe Room]]
 +
*[[Jefferson Inventory]]
 +
*[[Wythe's Library]]
 +
</div>
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
 +
<div style="overflow: hidden;">
 
<references/>
 
<references/>
 +
</div>
 +
 +
==External Links==
 +
Read volume three of this book in [http://books.google.com/books?id=p9JOAAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover Google Books.]
  
 +
[[Category:Ann Randolph's Books]]
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[[Category:Ellen Randolph's Books]]
 
[[Category:George Wythe Collection at William & Mary's Wolf Law Library]]
 
[[Category:George Wythe Collection at William & Mary's Wolf Law Library]]
 
[[Category:Greek Literature]]
 
[[Category:Greek Literature]]
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[[Category:Homer]]
 
[[Category:Titles in Wythe's Library]]
 
[[Category:Titles in Wythe's Library]]
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[[Category:Duodecimos]]
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[[Category:English]]
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[[Category:London]]

Latest revision as of 12:48, 28 October 2021

by Homer

The Odyssey of Homer
HomerOdyssey1752v1TitlePage.jpg

Title page from The Odyssey of Homer, volume one, George Wythe Collection, Wolf Law Library, College of William & Mary.

Author Homer
Editor {{{editor}}}
Translator Henry Lintot
Published London: Printed for Henry Lintot
Date 1752
Edition {{{edition}}}
Language English
Volumes 5 volume set
Pages {{{pages}}}
Desc. 12mo (17 cm.)
Location Shelf H-4
  [[Shelf {{{shelf2}}}]]
Frontispiece portrait of Homer, volume one.
Little is known about the life of Homer, the poet responsible for the Iliad and the Odyssey. Herodotus claimed Homer lived around 850 BCE, while modern scholars usually date his poems to the second half of the eighth century BCE.[1] The Trojan War is estimated to have occurred at the end of the Mycenaean Age in Greece, around 1200 BCE, meaning that Homer was looking back four centuries to a heroic world much greater in his esteem, than the contemporary world. Homer relied on oral history to compose his poems; this provides some of the basis for the "separatist" view that the two epic poems were not written by the same person, but possibly by a combination of poets. The mixed dialect of Ionian Greek in which each poem was originally written indicates that both poems were written in the east Aegean. This is supported by contextual clues in the poems themselves. The two most plausible locations for the birth of Homer are Smyrna and Chios, but ancient Greeks viewed the poet as a blind minstrel wandering while he composed the poems, which were sung or chanted, accompanied by a lyre.


Homer’s Odyssey is an epic poem consisting of 24 books telling the story of the Trojan War hero Odysseus' ten-year journey trying to get home to his wife Penelope and son Telemachus in Ithaca, where Odysseus is king. This epic is distinct from the Iliad in that it is a more romantic than heroic/tragic poem. It is clear in the Odyssey who the “good” and “bad” characters are, and therefore with whom the readers (or more accurately the listeners, as it was intended to be recited orally) should emphathize. Odysseus is shown through much of Greek mythological writing as intelligent and crafty. He tricked Achilles into agreeing to join the Greeks against the Trojans, and tricked the Trojans with the giant wooden horse that helped to end the war. In the Odyssey, Odysseus' familial devotion and "eternal human quality[y] of resolution" contrast with the barbaric creatures he meets on his adventures, as well as with the suitors attempting to woo his wife.[2] Odysseus' humaneness served as a model to Greek men, just as Penelope’s devotion to her husband and home showed Greek women how to behave. The strong moral themes in the Odyssey in no way take away from the exciting adventures Odysseus encountered, from the Cyclopes to the Lotus Eaters to the Sirens, and to tricking and defeating Penelope’s suitors.

Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library

"How Ulisses escap'd the Syrens," plate B.XII, volume three.

Listed in the Jefferson Inventory of Wythe's Library twice as Pope’s Odyssey. 5.v. 12mo. and [Pope’s] Odyssey. 5.v. 12mo. Given by Thomas Jefferson to his granddaughters, Ann and Ellen Randolph. The precise edition of the set owned by Wythe is unknown. George Wythe's Library[3] on LibraryThing indicates as much, adding "Five-volume editions in duodecimo were published at London in 1725-26, 1745, 1752, and 1758." The Brown Bibliography[4] lists a 1752 edition published in London, translated by Alexander Pope, based on the copy Jefferson sold to the Library of Congress.[5] The Wolf Law Library followed Brown's recommendation and purchased a copy of the 1752 edition.

Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy

Bound in full leather with gilt-ruled boards, five raised bands and gilt to spine. Purchased from Abbey Antiquarian Books.

Images of the library's copy of this book are available on Flickr. View the record for this book in William & Mary's online catalog.

See also

References

  1. "Homer” in The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature, ed. by M.C. Howatson (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011).
  2. "Homer" in Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World.
  3. LibraryThing, s. v. "Member: George Wythe," accessed on November 18, 2013.
  4. Bennie Brown, "The Library of George Wythe of Williamsburg and Richmond," (unpublished manuscript, May, 2012) Microsoft Word file. Earlier edition available at: https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433
  5. E. Millicent Sowerby, Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson, (Washington, D.C.: The Library of Congress, 1952-1959), 4:417 [no.4272].

External Links

Read volume three of this book in Google Books.