Difference between revisions of "Oceana of James Harrington"

From Wythepedia: The George Wythe Encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
m
 
(11 intermediate revisions by 6 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
{{DISPLAYTITLE:''The Oceana of James Harrington, and His Other Works''}}
+
{{DISPLAYTITLE:''The Oceana of James Harrington, and his Other Works: Som Wherof are now First Publish'd from His Own Manuscripts''}}
<big>''The Oceana of James Harrington, and his Other Works: Som [sic] Wherof are now First Publish'd from His Own Manuscripts''</big>
 
 
===by James Harrington===
 
===by James Harrington===
 
__NOTOC__
 
__NOTOC__
 
{{BookPageInfoBox
 
{{BookPageInfoBox
 
|imagename=HarringtonOceana1700.jpg
 
|imagename=HarringtonOceana1700.jpg
|link=https://catalog.swem.wm.edu/law/Record/2080652
+
|link=https://wm.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/01COWM_INST/g9pr7p/alma991005234469703196
 
|shorttitle=The Oceana of James Harrington
 
|shorttitle=The Oceana of James Harrington
|author=James Harrington
+
|author=[[:Category:James Harrington|James Harrington]]
|publoc=London
+
|publoc=[[:Category:London|London]]
 
|publisher=Printed [by J. Darby?] and are to be sold by the booksellers of London and Westminster
 
|publisher=Printed [by J. Darby?] and are to be sold by the booksellers of London and Westminster
 
|year=1700
 
|year=1700
 
|edition=First
 
|edition=First
|lang=English
+
|lang=[[:Category:English|English]]
 
|pages=xliv, 546  
 
|pages=xliv, 546  
|desc=Folio (32 cm.)
+
|desc=[[:Category:Folios|Folio (32 cm.)]]
}}[[File:HarringtonOceana1700AuthorPortrait.jpg|left|thumb|250px|<center>Author's portrait.</center>]][http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Harrington_%28author%29 James Harrington] (1611-1677) was a political theorist in the seventeenth century. Although he left [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trinity_College,_Oxford Trinity College] in Oxford without a degree, Harrington was an accomplished private scholar.<ref>H. M. Höpfl, [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/12375 "Harrington, James (1611–1677)" in ''Oxford Dictionary of National Biography'' (Oxford University Press, 2004- ), accessed October 11, 2013.</ref> The ''Oceana'' text could be fairly called the defining work of Harrington’s career.<ref>Ibid.</ref> ''Commonwealth of Oceana'', written in 1656, presented an image of an idealized world in which the British gentry social class had absolute power.<ref>''The Columbia Encyclopedia'', s.v. [http://www.credoreference.com/entry/columency/harrington_james "Harrington, James"], (Columbia University Press, 2013-), accessed October 11, 2013.</ref> Harrington’s portrayal was powerful. He notably attacked [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Hobbes Hobbes] in ''Oceana'' for what Harrington saw as an ineffective distinction between authority and power.<ref>Höpfl, "Harrington, James."</ref> Harrington was a wealthy man, with much to gain from social connections, but still argued fervently for what he called a return to “ancient prudence.”<ref>Ibid.</ref> Harrington meant by this that the government should not be composed of men, but of legal doctrines and rules.<ref>Ibid.</ref> Although it may seem counter-intuitive to those not familiar with his work, Harrington was actually an agrarian who advocated for a more equal distribution of power.<ref>Ibid.</ref> In fact, it has been argued that [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Penn William Penn]’s government in Pennsylvania was influenced by ''Oceana''.<ref>''The Columbia Encyclopedia'', s.v. "Harrington, James,"</ref> Harrington's theories on equality were also reflected in both the American and French revolutions.<ref>Ibid.</ref><br />
+
|shelf=B-5
 +
}}[[File:HarringtonOceana1700AuthorPortrait.jpg|left|thumb|250px|<center>Author's portrait.</center>]][http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Harrington_%28author%29 James Harrington] (1611-1677) was a political theorist in the seventeenth century. Although he left [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trinity_College,_Oxford Trinity College] in Oxford without a degree, Harrington was an accomplished private scholar.<ref>H. M. Höpfl, "[http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/12375 Harrington, James (1611–1677)]" in ''Oxford Dictionary of National Biography'', accessed October 11, 2013.</ref> ''Commonwealth of Oceana'', written in 1656 and included in this compilation, presented an image of an idealized world in which the British gentry social class had absolute power.<ref>''The Columbia Encyclopedia'', s.v. "[http://www.credoreference.com/entry/columency/harrington_james Harrington, James]," accessed October 11, 2013.</ref> Harrington’s portrayal was powerful; he notably attacked [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Hobbes Hobbes] for what he saw as an ineffective distinction between authority and power.<ref>Höpfl, "Harrington, James."</ref> Harrington was a wealthy man with much to gain from social connections, but he still argued for what he called a return to “ancient prudence.”<ref>Ibid.</ref> By this, Harrington meant that the government should not be composed of men, but of legal doctrines and rules.<ref>Ibid.</ref> His theories on equality were reflected in both the American and French revolutions.<ref>''The Columbia Encyclopedia'', s.v. "Harrington, James."</ref><br />
 
<br />
 
<br />
 
''The Oceana of James Harrington, and His Other Works'', first edited as a collection in 1700 by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Toland John Toland], includes ''The Grounds and Reasons of Monarchy Consider'd'', ''The Commonwealth of Oceana'', ''The Prerogative of Popular Government'', ''The Art of Lawgiving'', and "Six political tracts written on several occasions," as well as Toland's "The Life of James Harrington."   
 
''The Oceana of James Harrington, and His Other Works'', first edited as a collection in 1700 by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Toland John Toland], includes ''The Grounds and Reasons of Monarchy Consider'd'', ''The Commonwealth of Oceana'', ''The Prerogative of Popular Government'', ''The Art of Lawgiving'', and "Six political tracts written on several occasions," as well as Toland's "The Life of James Harrington."   
  
 
==Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library==
 
==Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library==
A version of Harrington's ''Oceana'' is included in both [[Dean Bibliography|Dean's Memo]]<ref>[[Dean Bibliography|Memorandum from Barbara C. Dean]], Colonial Williamsburg Found., to Mrs. Stiverson, Colonial Williamsburg Found. (June 16, 1975), 11 (on file at Wolf Law Library, College of William & Mary).</ref> and Brown's Bibliography<ref>Bennie Brown, "The Library of George Wythe of Williamsburg and Richmond," (unpublished manuscript, May, 2012) Microsoft Word file. Earlier edition available at: https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433</ref> based on a reference in [[Serene Patriot: A Life of George Wythe|William Clarkin's]] biography of Wythe. In discussing [[Thomas Jefferson|Thomas Jefferson's]] education under Wythe, Clarkin states "[w]e do know that Jefferson studied ... Harrington's ''Oceana''" but Clarkin provides no source of corroborating evidence.<ref>William Clarkin, ''Serene Patriot: A Life of George Wythe'' (Albany, New York: Alan Publications, 1970), 42.</ref> Brown suggests the first (1656) edition, ''Commonwealth of Oceana'' based on the copy Jefferson sold to the Library of Congress.<ref>E. Millicent Sowerby, ''Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson'', 2nd ed. (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1983), 3:15 [no.2335].</ref> The Wolf Law Library purchased the first (1700) edition of collected works, ''The Oceana of James Harrington, and his Other Works'' following Dean's memo, the original source for the [[George Wythe Collection]].
+
A version of Harrington's ''Oceana'' is included in both [[Dean Bibliography|Dean's Memo]]<ref>[[Dean Bibliography|Memorandum from Barbara C. Dean]], Colonial Williamsburg Found., to Mrs. Stiverson, Colonial Williamsburg Found. (June 16, 1975), 11 (on file at Wolf Law Library, College of William & Mary).</ref> and Brown's Bibliography<ref>Bennie Brown, "The Library of George Wythe of Williamsburg and Richmond," (unpublished manuscript, May, 2012) Microsoft Word file. Earlier edition available at: https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433.</ref> based on a reference in [[Serene Patriot: A Life of George Wythe|William Clarkin's]] biography of Wythe. In discussing [[Thomas Jefferson|Thomas Jefferson's]] education under Wythe, Clarkin states "[w]e do know that Jefferson studied ... Harrington's ''Oceana''," but Clarkin provides no source of corroborating evidence.<ref>William Clarkin, ''Serene Patriot: A Life of George Wythe'' (Albany, New York: Alan Publications, 1970), 42.</ref> Brown suggests the first (1656) edition, ''Commonwealth of Oceana'' based on the copy Jefferson sold to the Library of Congress.<ref>E. Millicent Sowerby, ''Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson'', (Washington, D.C.: The Library of Congress, 1952-1959), 3:15 [http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015033648117;view=1up;seq=27 [no.2335]].</ref> The Wolf Law Library followed the recommendation of Dean's Memo and purchased the first (1700) edition of collected works, ''The Oceana of James Harrington, and his Other Works''.
  
 
==Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy==
 
==Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy==
 
Bound in contemporary blind calf, reback in period style. Purchased from Rulon-Miller Books.
 
Bound in contemporary blind calf, reback in period style. Purchased from Rulon-Miller Books.
  
View this book in [https://catalog.swem.wm.edu/law/Record/2080652 William & Mary's online catalog.]
+
Images of the library's copy of this book are [https://www.flickr.com/photos/wolflawlibrary/sets/72157637633502433 available on Flickr.] View the record for this book in [https://wm.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/01COWM_INST/g9pr7p/alma991005234469703196 William & Mary's online catalog.]
 
[[File:HarringtonOceana1700Frontispiece.jpg|left|thumb|250px|<center>Frontispiece.</center>]]
 
[[File:HarringtonOceana1700Frontispiece.jpg|left|thumb|250px|<center>Frontispiece.</center>]]
 +
 +
==See also==
 +
*[[George Wythe Room]]
 +
*[[Wythe's Library]]
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
Line 36: Line 40:
 
[[Category:George Wythe Collection at William & Mary's Wolf Law Library]]
 
[[Category:George Wythe Collection at William & Mary's Wolf Law Library]]
 
[[Category:Government]]
 
[[Category:Government]]
 +
[[Category:James Harrington]]
 
[[Category:Titles in Wythe's Library]]
 
[[Category:Titles in Wythe's Library]]
 +
 +
[[Category:English]]
 +
[[Category:Folios]]
 +
[[Category:London]]

Latest revision as of 09:47, 12 October 2021

by James Harrington

The Oceana of James Harrington
HarringtonOceana1700.jpg

Title page from The Oceana of James Harrington, George Wythe Collection, Wolf Law Library, College of William & Mary.

Author James Harrington
Editor {{{editor}}}
Translator {{{trans}}}
Published London: Printed [by J. Darby?] and are to be sold by the booksellers of London and Westminster
Date 1700
Edition First
Language English
Volumes {{{set}}} volume set
Pages xliv, 546
Desc. Folio (32 cm.)
Location Shelf B-5
  [[Shelf {{{shelf2}}}]]
Author's portrait.
James Harrington (1611-1677) was a political theorist in the seventeenth century. Although he left Trinity College in Oxford without a degree, Harrington was an accomplished private scholar.[1] Commonwealth of Oceana, written in 1656 and included in this compilation, presented an image of an idealized world in which the British gentry social class had absolute power.[2] Harrington’s portrayal was powerful; he notably attacked Hobbes for what he saw as an ineffective distinction between authority and power.[3] Harrington was a wealthy man with much to gain from social connections, but he still argued for what he called a return to “ancient prudence.”[4] By this, Harrington meant that the government should not be composed of men, but of legal doctrines and rules.[5] His theories on equality were reflected in both the American and French revolutions.[6]


The Oceana of James Harrington, and His Other Works, first edited as a collection in 1700 by John Toland, includes The Grounds and Reasons of Monarchy Consider'd, The Commonwealth of Oceana, The Prerogative of Popular Government, The Art of Lawgiving, and "Six political tracts written on several occasions," as well as Toland's "The Life of James Harrington."

Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library

A version of Harrington's Oceana is included in both Dean's Memo[7] and Brown's Bibliography[8] based on a reference in William Clarkin's biography of Wythe. In discussing Thomas Jefferson's education under Wythe, Clarkin states "[w]e do know that Jefferson studied ... Harrington's Oceana," but Clarkin provides no source of corroborating evidence.[9] Brown suggests the first (1656) edition, Commonwealth of Oceana based on the copy Jefferson sold to the Library of Congress.[10] The Wolf Law Library followed the recommendation of Dean's Memo and purchased the first (1700) edition of collected works, The Oceana of James Harrington, and his Other Works.

Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy

Bound in contemporary blind calf, reback in period style. Purchased from Rulon-Miller Books.

Images of the library's copy of this book are available on Flickr. View the record for this book in William & Mary's online catalog.

Frontispiece.

See also

References

  1. H. M. Höpfl, "Harrington, James (1611–1677)" in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, accessed October 11, 2013.
  2. The Columbia Encyclopedia, s.v. "Harrington, James," accessed October 11, 2013.
  3. Höpfl, "Harrington, James."
  4. Ibid.
  5. Ibid.
  6. The Columbia Encyclopedia, s.v. "Harrington, James."
  7. Memorandum from Barbara C. Dean, Colonial Williamsburg Found., to Mrs. Stiverson, Colonial Williamsburg Found. (June 16, 1975), 11 (on file at Wolf Law Library, College of William & Mary).
  8. Bennie Brown, "The Library of George Wythe of Williamsburg and Richmond," (unpublished manuscript, May, 2012) Microsoft Word file. Earlier edition available at: https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433.
  9. William Clarkin, Serene Patriot: A Life of George Wythe (Albany, New York: Alan Publications, 1970), 42.
  10. E. Millicent Sowerby, Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson, (Washington, D.C.: The Library of Congress, 1952-1959), 3:15 [no.2335].

External Links

Read this book in Google Books.