Lexicon Græco-Latinum Novum

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by Johann Scapula

Johann Scapula was one of the many authors of Greco-Latin dictionaries in the Renaissance and Baroque eras [1] The 1652 edition of his Lexicon Graeco-Latinum Novum contained about 60,000 lexographic entries. [2] Scapula’s dictionary follows a principle of clustering semantically similar entries rather than organizing alphabetically [3] His “famous Greek-Latin dictionary” was utilized by other dictionary authors, notably the Greek-Slavic-Latin Lexicon by Jepyfanij Slavynec'kyj. [4] As an (unauthorized) abridgement of a previous dictionary by Estienne, Scapula’s fit into one volume which made it cheaper, easier to handle and more desirable than other dictionaries at the time. [5]

Bibliographic Information

Author: Johann Scapula

Title: Lexicon Græco-Latinum Novum: In Quo Ex Primitivorum & Simplicium Fontibus Derivata Atque Composita Ordine Non Minus Naturali, Quàm Alphabetico, Breviter & Dilucidè Deducuntur

Publication Info: Editio ultima, priori locupletior & correctior. Basileæ: Apud Henricpetrinos, 1628.


Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library

Listed in the Jefferson Inventory of Wythe's Library as Scapulae Lexicon. fol. and given by Thomas Jefferson to his grandson Thomas Jefferson Randolph. The precise edition owned by Wythe is unknown. George Wythe's Library[6] on LibraryThing indicates this without selecting a specific edition. The Brown Bibliography[7] lists the 1628 edition published in Basel based on the copy Jefferson sold to the Library of Congress.[8] The Wolf Law Library followed Brown's suggestion and purchased the Basel edition.

Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy

Bound in three quarters black calf over cloth covered boards with spine in 6 compartments with gilt stamped tile and bands. Purchased from Powell's Bookstores Chicago, ABAA.

View this book in William & Mary's online catalog.


  1. “Jepyfanij Slavynec'kyj's Greek-Slavic-Latin Lexicon: The History, Contents, and Principles Underlying the Composition of Its Greek Portion (Preliminary Remarks),” Harvard Ukranian Studies 28, no.1/4 RUS' WRIT LARGE: LANGUAGES, HISTORIES, CULTURES: Essays Presented in Honor of Michael S. Flier on His Sixty-Fifth Birthday (2006): 269.
  2. Ibid, 271.
  3. Ibid, 269.
  4. Ibid, 274.
  5. John Considine, “Ancient Greek among the Eighteenthcentury [sic] Languages of Science: Linnaeus, Dillenius, and the Lexicographical Record,” International Journal of the Classical Tradition 16, no. 3/4 (Sep-Dec 2009): 335.
  6. LibraryThing, s. v. "Member: George Wythe," accessed on November 13, 2013, http://www.librarything.com/profile/GeorgeWythe
  7. Bennie Brown, "The Library of George Wythe of Williamsburg and Richmond," (unpublished manuscript, May, 2012) Microsoft Word file. Earlier edition available at: https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433
  8. E. Millicent Sowerby, Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson, 2nd ed. (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1983), 5:72 [no.4761].