Difference between revisions of "Hērodotou Halikarnasseōs Historia"

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{{DISPLAYTITLE:''Hē tou Hērodotou Halikarnasseōs Historia = Herodoti Halicarnassensis Historia''}}
 
===by Herodotus===
 
===by Herodotus===
 
__NOTOC__
 
__NOTOC__
Herodotus was the first Greek historian, and perhaps the first true historian (who committed history to writing) in the world.  Born in Halicarnassus (an Ancient Greek city in present-day Turkey on the Aegean Sea), Herodotus wrote during the third quarter of the fifth century BCE.  He, and Thucydides following him shortly after, embraced the systematic approach of true ''historia'', meaning inquiry, observation and research of events and people.  Though his methods were still in the early, untested stages which would be greatly improved upon by more modern historians, Herodotus began a crucial intellectual endeavor for which Ancient Greece became known.  <ref>G.E.M. De Ste. Croix, “Herodotus,” ''Greece & Rome'', Second Series 24, no. 2 (Oct. 1977): 130-1.</ref><br/>
 
<br/>Now considered one of the foundational books of history, Herodotus’s ''Histories'', or ''The History'', was originally criticized and discounted by his peers.  His anthropological approach to history was much less desired than more strictly political works.  Analyzing the importance of culture in key historical events, Herodotus’s work fell to the wayside behind the “sharper but narrower political historiography of [his contemporary] Thucydides.” <ref>Carl E. Schorske “History and the Study of Culture,” ''New Literary History'' 21, no. 2 (Winter 1990): 409.</ref><br/>
 
<br/>This work was published by two well-known and regarded Scottish publishers.  Robert and Andrew Foulis (''ne'' Faulls) were brothers who opened their own publishing company and printing press in 18th century Glasgow.<ref>David Murray, ''Robert & Andrew Foulis and the Glasgow Press with some account of The Glasgow Academy of the Fine Arts'' (Glasgow: James Maclehose and Sons, Publishers to the University), 8.</ref> Robert was a barber before enrolling in University of Glasgow courses, while Andrew “received a more regular education…[as] a student of Humanity” who taught Greek, Latin and French for a time after he graduated.<ref>Ibid at 3.</ref>  The brothers began as booksellers and then transitioned to publishing and printing books, with Robert initiating each endeavor before later being joined by Andrew.<ref>Ibid 6-10.</ref>  In 1740-42, Robert had other printers print what he chose to publish, but began printing his own books in 1742 which continued until his and his brother’s deaths in 1775 and 1776, respectively, when Andrew’s son Andrew took over The Foulis Press.<ref>Philip Gaskell, ''A Bibliography of the Foulis Press'', 2nd ed. (Winchester, Hampshire, England: St Paul's Bibliographies, 1986), 190.</ref>  The Foulis Press primarily produced text books and other “works of learning…and of general literature,” as it was the printer to the University of Glasgow.<ref>Ibid 17-18.</ref>  The press is unique for the plethora of variant issues and editions of published books on special paper, in special font, or even on copper plates.<ref>Ibid 18-19.</ref>
 
 
 
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|shorttitle=Hē tou Hērodotou Halikarnasseōs Historia = Herodoti Halicarnassensis Historia  
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|shorttitle=Hē tou Hērodotou Halikarnasseōs Historia
 
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}}[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herodotus Herodotus] (c. 484 BCE–425 BCE) was the first Greek historian, and perhaps the first true historian to commit history to writing. Born in [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halicarnassus Halicarnassus], an Ancient Greek city in present-day Turkey on the Aegean Sea, Herodotus wrote during the third quarter of the fifth century BCE. He, and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thucydides Thucydides] following him shortly after, embraced the systematic approach of true ''historia'', meaning inquiry, observation and research of events and people. Though his methods were still in the early, untested stages which would be greatly improved upon by more modern historians, Herodotus began a crucial intellectual endeavor for which Ancient Greece became known.<ref>G.E.M. De Ste. Croix, “Herodotus,” ''Greece & Rome'' 2nd ser. 24, no. 2 (October 1977): 130-31.</ref><br/>
 +
<br/>Now considered one of the foundational books of history, Herodotus’s ''Histories'', or ''The History'', was originally criticized and discounted by his peers. His anthropological approach to history was much less desired than more political works. Analyzing the importance of culture in key historical events, Herodotus’s work fell to the wayside behind the “sharper but narrower political historiography of Thucydides.”<ref>Carl E. Schorske “History and the Study of Culture,” ''New Literary History'' 21, no. 2 (Winter 1990): 409.</ref><br/>
  
 
==Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library==
 
==Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library==
Listed in the [[Jefferson Inventory]] of [[Wythe's Library]] as ''Herodotus. 8.v. 12mo. Foulis'' and given by [[Thomas Jefferson]] to [[John Wayles Eppes]]. A nine-volume set produced by the Foulis Press in 1761 most closely fits Jefferson's notation.<ref>Philip Gaskell, ''A Bibliography of The Foulis Press'', 2nd ed. (Winchester, Hampshire, England : St Paul's Bibliographies, 1986), 241.</ref> Both Brown's Bibliography<ref>Bennie Brown, "The Library of George Wythe of Williamsburg and Richmond," (unpublished manuscript, May, 2012) Microsoft Word file. Earlier edition available at: https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433</ref> and [http://www.librarything.com/profile/GeorgeWythe George Wythe's Library]<ref>''LibraryThing'', s. v. "Member: George Wythe," accessed on November 18, 2013, http://www.librarything.com/profile/GeorgeWythe </ref> on LibraryThing include this edition as the one intended by Jefferson. A copy of the Foulis 1761 edition at the Library of Congress includes a "marginal note on p. 129 of volume 1" which Sowerby attributes to Wythe.<ref>E. Millicent Sowerby, ''Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson'', 2nd ed. (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1983), 1:7-8 [no.13].</ref> The set is nine volumes rather than the eight listed by Jefferson and it has no markings of Eppes' ownership. Perhaps Jefferson re-acquired Wythe's copy after Eppes' death in 1823? If so, did the missing volume reappear, or are two volumes within the set bound together?  
+
Listed in the [[Jefferson Inventory]] of [[Wythe's Library]] as ''Herodotus. 8.v. 12mo. Foulis'' and given by [[Thomas Jefferson]] to [[John Wayles Eppes]]. A nine-volume set produced by the Foulis Press in 1761 most closely fits Jefferson's notation.<ref>Philip Gaskell, ''A Bibliography of The Foulis Press'', 2nd ed. (Winchester, Hampshire, England: St Paul's Bibliographies, 1986), 241.</ref> Both Brown's Bibliography<ref>Bennie Brown, "The Library of George Wythe of Williamsburg and Richmond," (unpublished manuscript, May, 2012) Microsoft Word file. Earlier edition available at: https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433.</ref> and [http://www.librarything.com/profile/GeorgeWythe George Wythe's Library]<ref>''LibraryThing'', s.v. "[http://www.librarything.com/profile/GeorgeWythe Member: George Wythe]," accessed on November 18, 2013.</ref> on LibraryThing include this edition as the one intended by Jefferson. The Foulis 1761 edition also appears in the [[Dean Bibliography|Dean Memo]]<ref>[[Dean Bibliography|Memorandum from Barbara C. Dean]], Colonial Williamsburg Found., to Mrs. Stiverson, Colonial Williamsburg Found. (June 16, 1975), 4 (on file at Wolf Law Library, College of William & Mary).</ref> and in Goodwin's pamphlet.<ref>Mary R. M. Goodwin, [http://research.history.org/DigitalLibrary/View/index.cfm?doc=ResearchReports\RR0216.xml ''The George Wythe House: Its Furniture and Furnishings''] (Williamsburg, Virginia: Colonial Williamsburg Foundation Library, 1958), LII.</ref> All four [[George Wythe Collection|Wythe collection]] sources note a copy at the Library of Congress that includes a "marginal note on p. 129 of volume 1" which E. Millicent Sowerby attributed to Wythe.<ref>E. Millicent Sowerby, ''Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson'', (Washington, D.C.: The Library of Congress, 1952-1959), 1:7-8 [http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015033648091;view=1up;seq=38 [no.13]].</ref> Jefferson sold the set, nine volumes rather than the eight listed by Jefferson in his inventory, to the Library of Congress and it has no markings of Eppes' ownership. Perhaps Jefferson re-acquired Wythe's copy after Eppes' death in 1823? If so, did the missing volume reappear, or are two volumes within the set bound together? Because of the strong evidence that Wythe owned a copy, the Wolf Law Library purchased the 1761 Foulis edition.
  
 
==Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy==
 
==Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy==
Bound in contemporary full polished calf with gilt spine decorated in compartments. Contains red title labels with volume number below and gilt roll on board edges. Purchased from A&F.McIlreavy.Buderim Rare Books.  
+
Bound in contemporary full polished calf with gilt spine decorated in compartments. Contains red title labels with volume number below and gilt roll on board edges. Purchased from A&F McIlreavy Buderim Rare Books.  
  
==External Links==
+
Images of the library's copy of this book are [https://www.flickr.com/photos/wolflawlibrary/sets/72157637697964185 available on Flickr.] View the record for this book in [https://wm.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/01COWM_INST/g9pr7p/alma991021612269703196 William & Mary's online catalog.]
[http://books.google.com/books?id=tuVDAAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=H%C4%93+tou+H%C4%93rodotou+Halikarnasse%C5%8Ds+Historia&hl=en&sa=X&ei=2uzeUe7cFrHI4AOsr4HQAw&ved=0CDEQ6AEwAA Google Books]
 
  
View this book in [https://catalog.swem.wm.edu/law/Record/3626449 William & Mary's online catalog.]
+
==See also==
 +
*[[George Wythe Room]]
 +
*''[[Hērodotou Halikarnēssēos Historiōn Logoi 9 Epigraphomenoi Mousai|Hērodotou Halikarnēssēos Historiōn Logoi 9 Epigraphomenoi Mousai = Herodoti Halicarnassei Historiarum Libri IX Musarum Nominibus Inscripti]]''
 +
*[[Jefferson Inventory]]
 +
*[[Wythe's Library]]
  
===References===
+
==References==
 
<references/>
 
<references/>
 +
 +
==External Links==
 +
Read volume one of this book in [http://books.google.com/books?id=tuVDAAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq Google Books].
  
 
[[Category:Ancient History]]
 
[[Category:Ancient History]]
 
[[Category:George Wythe Collection at William & Mary's Wolf Law Library]]
 
[[Category:George Wythe Collection at William & Mary's Wolf Law Library]]
 +
[[Category:Herodotus]]
 +
[[Category:Jacobus Gronovius]]
 +
[[Category:John Wayles Eppes' Books]]
 
[[Category:Possible Surviving Wythe Volumes]]
 
[[Category:Possible Surviving Wythe Volumes]]
 
[[Category:Titles in Wythe's Library]]
 
[[Category:Titles in Wythe's Library]]
 +
 +
[[Category:Glasgow]]
 +
[[Category:Greek]]
 +
[[Category:Latin]]
 +
[[Category:Octavos]]

Latest revision as of 13:13, 12 October 2021

by Herodotus

Hē tou Hērodotou Halikarnasseōs Historia
HerodotusHerodotiHalicarnassensisHistoria1761.jpg

Title page from Hē tou Hērodotou Halikarnasseōs Historia, volume one, George Wythe Collection, Wolf Law Library, College of William & Mary.

Author Herodotus
Editor Jacobus Gronovius
Translator {{{trans}}}
Published Glasgaue: In aedibus academicis, Excudebant Robertus et Andreas Foulis
Date 1761
Edition {{{edition}}}
Language Greek and Latin on opposite pages
Volumes 9 volume set
Pages {{{pages}}}
Desc. 8vo (16 cm.)
Location Shelf H-4
  [[Shelf {{{shelf2}}}]]

Herodotus (c. 484 BCE–425 BCE) was the first Greek historian, and perhaps the first true historian to commit history to writing. Born in Halicarnassus, an Ancient Greek city in present-day Turkey on the Aegean Sea, Herodotus wrote during the third quarter of the fifth century BCE. He, and Thucydides following him shortly after, embraced the systematic approach of true historia, meaning inquiry, observation and research of events and people. Though his methods were still in the early, untested stages which would be greatly improved upon by more modern historians, Herodotus began a crucial intellectual endeavor for which Ancient Greece became known.[1]

Now considered one of the foundational books of history, Herodotus’s Histories, or The History, was originally criticized and discounted by his peers. His anthropological approach to history was much less desired than more political works. Analyzing the importance of culture in key historical events, Herodotus’s work fell to the wayside behind the “sharper but narrower political historiography of Thucydides.”[2]

Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library

Listed in the Jefferson Inventory of Wythe's Library as Herodotus. 8.v. 12mo. Foulis and given by Thomas Jefferson to John Wayles Eppes. A nine-volume set produced by the Foulis Press in 1761 most closely fits Jefferson's notation.[3] Both Brown's Bibliography[4] and George Wythe's Library[5] on LibraryThing include this edition as the one intended by Jefferson. The Foulis 1761 edition also appears in the Dean Memo[6] and in Goodwin's pamphlet.[7] All four Wythe collection sources note a copy at the Library of Congress that includes a "marginal note on p. 129 of volume 1" which E. Millicent Sowerby attributed to Wythe.[8] Jefferson sold the set, nine volumes rather than the eight listed by Jefferson in his inventory, to the Library of Congress and it has no markings of Eppes' ownership. Perhaps Jefferson re-acquired Wythe's copy after Eppes' death in 1823? If so, did the missing volume reappear, or are two volumes within the set bound together? Because of the strong evidence that Wythe owned a copy, the Wolf Law Library purchased the 1761 Foulis edition.

Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy

Bound in contemporary full polished calf with gilt spine decorated in compartments. Contains red title labels with volume number below and gilt roll on board edges. Purchased from A&F McIlreavy Buderim Rare Books.

Images of the library's copy of this book are available on Flickr. View the record for this book in William & Mary's online catalog.

See also

References

  1. G.E.M. De Ste. Croix, “Herodotus,” Greece & Rome 2nd ser. 24, no. 2 (October 1977): 130-31.
  2. Carl E. Schorske “History and the Study of Culture,” New Literary History 21, no. 2 (Winter 1990): 409.
  3. Philip Gaskell, A Bibliography of The Foulis Press, 2nd ed. (Winchester, Hampshire, England: St Paul's Bibliographies, 1986), 241.
  4. Bennie Brown, "The Library of George Wythe of Williamsburg and Richmond," (unpublished manuscript, May, 2012) Microsoft Word file. Earlier edition available at: https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433.
  5. LibraryThing, s.v. "Member: George Wythe," accessed on November 18, 2013.
  6. Memorandum from Barbara C. Dean, Colonial Williamsburg Found., to Mrs. Stiverson, Colonial Williamsburg Found. (June 16, 1975), 4 (on file at Wolf Law Library, College of William & Mary).
  7. Mary R. M. Goodwin, The George Wythe House: Its Furniture and Furnishings (Williamsburg, Virginia: Colonial Williamsburg Foundation Library, 1958), LII.
  8. E. Millicent Sowerby, Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson, (Washington, D.C.: The Library of Congress, 1952-1959), 1:7-8 [no.13].

External Links

Read volume one of this book in Google Books.