The First-Third Part of The Reports of Sr George Croke
by Sir George Croke
Sir George Croke (1560-1642) was an English judge and law reporter. He was educated at the parish school in Thame, and matriculated at Christ Church Oxford, in 1575, but his intent was to pursue a career in law thus he was admitted in the same year to the Inner Temple. He was called to the bar in 1584.
Croke had a very lucrative private practice and in 1597 he became a member of parliament for Brere Alston (Devon). He was made a bencher at the Temple in 1597, served as reader in 1599 and 1618, and was elected treasurer of the inn in 1609. In addition, he was also knighted and became a serjeant in 1623. Croke was appointed a justice of the common pleas in 1625, and he was eventually transferred to the Court of King’s Bench in 1628.
During the 1630’s Croke distinguished himself as member of the court by speaking out against royal financial measures and even questioning their legality. In reply to the argument that ship money was necessary for the immediate defense of the kingdom, he famously held that no “necessity nor danger can allow a charge, which is a breach of the laws.” Croke’s established reputation of speaking out against the crown when he felt it was overstepping its bounds helped him immensely in late 1640 when the Long Parliament began drawing up articles of impeachment against the surviving Caroline Judges.
After his death, Croke left his manuscript and printed law books to Harbottle Grimston. His manuscript collections of reports contained notes on increasingly complete runs of cases stretching from the reign of Elizabeth up to 1640. Grimston "translated them from Norman French into English and prepared them for publication as The Reports of Sir George Croke, Knight." Croke’s Reports, first published in 1657, are often praised (and occasionally criticized) for their concise nature. Nevertheless, they have "a generally good reputation.
Author: Sir George Croke, (1560-1642)
Title: The First-Third Part of The Reports of Sr George Croke Kt.: Late One of the Justices of the Court of Kings-Bench, and Formerly One of the Justices of the Court of Common-Bench, of Such Select Cases as were Adjudged in the Said Courts
Publication Info: London : Printed by W. Rawlins, S. Roycroft, and H. Sawbridge, assigns of Richard and Edward Atkins, Esquires, 1683.
Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library
There is no doubt that Wythe owned this title—a copy of the 1683 edition at the Library of Congress includes George Wythe's bookplate in volumes one and two. There are also manuscript notes which may have been made by Wythe. Thomas Jefferson listed Croke’s rep. 3.v. fol. in his inventory of Wythe's Library, noting that he kept the volume himself. He later sold it to the Library of Congress. Not surprisingly, all four of the Wythe Collection sources (Goodwin's pamphlet, Dean's Memo, Brown's Bibliography and George Wythe's Library on LibraryThing) list Croke's Reports.
Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy
Bound in contemporary calf.
View this book in William & Mary's online catalog.
- Christopher W. Brooks, "Croke, Sir George (c.1560–1642)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press, 2004- ), accessed November 14, 2013.
- Percy Henry Winfield, The Chief Sources of English Legal History (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1925), 190.
- Mary R. M. Goodwin, The George Wythe House: Its Furniture and Furnishings (Williamsburg, Virginia: Colonial Williamsburg Foundation Library, 1958), xlvii. Available at http://research.history.org/DigitalLibrary/View/index.cfm?doc=ResearchReports\RR0216.xml
- Memorandum from Barbara C. Dean, Colonial Williamsburg Found., to Mrs. Stiverson, Colonial Williamsburg Found. (June 16, 1975), 3 (on file at Wolf Law Library, College of William & Mary).
- Bennie Brown, "The Library of George Wythe of Williamsburg and Richmond," (unpublished manuscript, May, 2012) Microsoft Word file. Earlier edition available at: https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433
- LibraryThing, s. v. "Member: George Wythe," accessed on November 20, 2013, http://www.librarything.com/profile/GeorgeWythe