Euclid was a Greek mathematician who is often referred to as the “Father of Geometry”. His specific date of birth and death are unknown, but many historians estimate that he lived sometime around 300 BCE. Despite the uncertainty surrounding his biographical details, his presence in history deeply resonates by means of his works in the field of mathematics, especially in geometry.
Elements is the title of Euclid’s most well-known and influential work. In Elements, Euclid presents definitions, postulates, and mathematical proofs on a wide range of mathematical concepts. Many of these concepts were based on prior mathematical finding and therefore were not entirely new revelations to the field of mathematics, but Euclid’s presentation of these concepts in a single, logically coherent framework created a system that served as a pillar of mathematics for two thousand years. Elements enjoyed enormous critical acclaim and was considered to be highly relevant to the field of mathematics until the early twentieth century. Euclid's Elements has been referred to as the most successful and influential textbook ever written. Elements is one of the earliest mathematical works to be printed after the invention of the printing press and was estimated to be second only to the Bible in the number of editions published, with the number reaching well over one thousand.
Title: Euclidis Elementorum Libri Priores Sex, Item Undecimus et Duodecimus, ex Versione Latina Federici Commandini; Sublatis iis Quibus Olim Libri hi a Theone, Aliisve, Vitiati Sunt, et Quibusdam Euclidis Demonstrationibus Restitutis.
Publication Info: Glasguae: in Aedibus Academicis, Excudebant R. et A. Foulis, 1756.
Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library
Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy
Re-backed in modern calf. Purchased from Finecopy Ltd.
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- Encyclopædia Britannica Online, s. v. "Euclid," accessed October 03, 2013, http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/194880/Euclid.
- Dirk Jan Struik, "Ancient Greek Mathematics," in A Concise History of Mathematics, 4th rev. ed. (New York (N.Y.): Dover, 1987), 51.
- Charles Lutwidge, and Amit HagarDodgson, "Introduction," in Euclid and his Modern Rivals (Mineola, N.Y: Dover Publications, 2004), xxviii.
- Carl B. Boyer, and Uta C. Merzbach, "Euclid of Alexandria," in A History of Mathematics, 2nd ed. (New York: Wiley, 1991), 119.
- Lucas N. H. Bunt, Phillip S. Jones, and Jack D. Bedient, "Greek Influence," in The Historical Roots of Elementary Mathematics (New York: Dover Publications, 1988), 142.