Difference between revisions of "Epitome of All the Common and Statute Laws of this Nation, Now in Force"

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{{DISPLAYTITLE:''An Epitome Of All The Common & Statute Laws Of This Nation Now In Force''}}
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{{DISPLAYTITLE:''An Epitome of All the Common & Statute Laws of this Nation, Now in Force''}}
 
===by William Sheppard===
 
===by William Sheppard===
 
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Sheppard's ''Epitome'' marked a significant change in the nature of abridgements. Unlike other examples, which are collections of notes of cases and statutes arranged loosely under headings and sub-headings, Sheppard's is comprised on entries on all branches of the law. Dedicated to Oliver Cromwell, the ''Epitome'' is divided into 170 chapters and arranged alphabetically from "Acceptance" to "Words." <ref> Sweet & Maxwell, ''A Legal Bibliography of the British Commonwealth'' 1:19 (19). </ref>
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|shorttitle=An Epitome of All the Common & Statute Laws of This Nation Now in Force
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|author=[[:Category:William Sheppard|William Sheppard]]
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}}[[File:SheppardEpitome1656Marginalia.jpg|left|thumb|350px|<center>Marginalia and initial capital, page 82.</center>]][[Wikipedia:William Sheppard (barrister)|William Sheppard]] (1595 &ndash; 1674) was a highly influential legal and religious reformer in England during the early and middle part of the 17th century.<ref>Nancy L. Matthews, "[http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/25349 Sheppard, William (bap. 1595, d. 1674)]" in ''Oxford Dictionary of National Biography'', accessed October 10, 2013.</ref> After being called to the bar in 1629, Sheppard became a well-known lawyer in the rural part of England from 1631 until 1654. During this time, he served as steward for several manors, and was an attorney of Gloucester's local court. In addition to his practice, Sheppard published several legal texts. Many of these were based upon Sheppard’s own observations of the cases involved in his local practice. He also wrote several religious texts on a variety of topics.<ref>Ibid.</ref>
  
==Bibliographic Information==
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In 1653 Sheppard was called to London by [[wikipedia:Oliver Cromwell]] to assist him in the creation of a law reform program.<ref>Nancy L. Matthews, ''William Sheppard, Cromwell's Law Reformer'' (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984), 31.</ref> Some experts believe that both Sheppard's religious and legal publications were the ultimate for his selection.<ref>Matthews, "Sheppard, William."</ref> During Sheppard's three years with Cromwell he published nine texts in support of the administration's agenda.<ref>Ibid.</ref> Some of his best known works during this period included ''Precedent of Precedents'', which contained standardized forms to register land, and ''An Epitome of All the Common and Statute Laws of the Nation now in Force'', which was one of the earliest attempts at an abridged legal encyclopedia.<ref>"Tarlton Law Library - Law Dictionary Collection - online exhibit," Tarlton Law Library, The University of Texas at Austin, accessed October 10, 2013, http://tarlton.law.utexas.edu/exhibits/dictionaries/common_law/sheppard.html.</ref>
'''Author:''' William Sheppard
 
  
'''Title:''' An Epitome Of All The Common & Statute Laws Of This Nation Now In Force: Wherein More Than Fifteen Hundred Of The Hardest Words Or Terms Of The Law Are Explained And All Of The Most Useful And Profitable Heads Or Titles Of The Law By Way Of Common Place, Largely, Plainly, And Methodically Handled
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==Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library==
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[[Dean Bibliography|Dean's Memo]]<ref>[[Dean Bibliography|Memorandum from Barbara C. Dean]], Colonial Williamsburg Found., to Mrs. Stiverson, Colonial Williamsburg Found. (June 16, 1975), 14 (on file at Wolf Law Library, College of William & Mary).</ref> includes the 1656 edition of Sheppard's ''Epitome'' based on Alan Smith's assertion that [[Thomas Jefferson]] cites the work in his handbook.<ref>Alan McKinley Smith, "Virginia Lawyers, 1680-1776: The Birth of an American Profession" (PhD diss., The Johns Hopkins University, 1967), 263.</ref> The [https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433 Brown Bibliography]<ref>Bennie Brown, "The Library of George Wythe of Williamsburg and Richmond," (unpublished manuscript, May, 2012, rev. 2014) Microsoft Word file. Earlier edition available at: https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433.</ref> lists the first edition (1675) of ''The Grand Abridgment of the Common and Statute Law of England'' based on notes in Jefferson's commonplace book.<ref>''The Commonplace Book of Thomas Jefferson: A Repertory of His Ideas on Government'', ed. Gilbert Chinard (Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins Press, 1926), 352.</ref> Jefferson studied law under Wythe from 1762 to 1767, so the entries from the mid 1770s may not reflect Wythe's influence. Brown also notes that this work is based upon Sheppard's earlier work, ''An Epitome of all the Common and Statute Laws of this Nation, Now in Force''. No conclusive evidence proves which edition Wythe may have owned, or, indeed, that he owned either. The Wolf Law Library followed Dean's recommendation and purchased the 1656 edition of ''An Epitome of All the Common & Statute Laws of this Nation, Now in Force.''
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[[File:SheppardEpitome1656LooseInscription.jpg|left|thumb|350px|<center>Loose inscription (formerly on pastedown?).</center>]]
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==Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy==
 +
Bound in contemporary calf with blind rules to boards. Rebacked in period style with raised bands and lettering pieces. Original head of title page missing and replaced by modern period-style copy. Includes marginalia throughout volume and a loose inscription, possibly removed from one of the original pastedowns. Purchased from The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.
  
'''Published:''' London: Printed for W. Lee, D. Pakemann, F. Wright, H. Twyford, G. Bedell, Tho. Brewster, Ed. Dod, and F. PLace, 1656.  
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Images of the library's copy of this book are [https://www.flickr.com/photos/wolflawlibrary/sets/72157658783572091 available on Flickr.] View the record for this book in [https://wm.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/01COWM_INST/g9pr7p/alma991011269509703196 William & Mary's online catalog.]
  
'''Edition:'''
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===Full text===
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<div style="overflow: hidden;">
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*[http://lawlibrary.wm.edu/wythepedia/library/SheppardEpitomeOfAllTheCommonAndStatuteLaws1656.pdf ''An Epitome of All the Common and Statute Laws of this Nation, Now in Force''] (100MB PDF)
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</div>
  
==Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library==
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==See also==
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*[[George Wythe Room]]
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*''[[Touch-Stone of Common Assurances|A Touch-Stone of Common Assurances]]''
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*[[Wythe's Library]]
  
==Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy==
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==References==
Bound in contemporary calf with blind rules to boards. Rebacked in period style with raised bands and lettering pieces and renewed endleaves. Contains woodcut decorated initials. Purchased from The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.
 
===References===
 
 
<references/>
 
<references/>
  
[[Category:Books]]
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[[Category:George Wythe Collection at William & Mary's Wolf Law Library]]
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[[Category:Legal Dictionaries]]
 
[[Category:Titles in Wythe's Library]]
 
[[Category:Titles in Wythe's Library]]
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[[Category:William Sheppard]]
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[[Category:English]]
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[[Category:Folios]]
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[[Category:London]]

Latest revision as of 14:45, 11 October 2021

by William Sheppard

An Epitome of All the Common & Statute Laws of This Nation Now in Force
SheppardAnEpitomeOfCommonLaws1656.jpg

Title page from An Epitome of All the Common & Statute Laws of This Nation Now in Force, George Wythe Collection, Wolf Law Library, College of William & Mary.

Author William Sheppard
Editor {{{editor}}}
Translator {{{trans}}}
Published London: Printed for W. Lee, D. Pakemann, F. Wright, H. Twyford, G. Bedell, Tho. Brewster, Ed. Dod, and F. Place
Date 1656
Edition {{{edition}}}
Language English
Volumes {{{set}}} volume set
Pages 12, 1131
Desc. Folio (29 cm.)
Location Shelf F-1
  [[Shelf {{{shelf2}}}]]
Marginalia and initial capital, page 82.
William Sheppard (1595 – 1674) was a highly influential legal and religious reformer in England during the early and middle part of the 17th century.[1] After being called to the bar in 1629, Sheppard became a well-known lawyer in the rural part of England from 1631 until 1654. During this time, he served as steward for several manors, and was an attorney of Gloucester's local court. In addition to his practice, Sheppard published several legal texts. Many of these were based upon Sheppard’s own observations of the cases involved in his local practice. He also wrote several religious texts on a variety of topics.[2]

In 1653 Sheppard was called to London by wikipedia:Oliver Cromwell to assist him in the creation of a law reform program.[3] Some experts believe that both Sheppard's religious and legal publications were the ultimate for his selection.[4] During Sheppard's three years with Cromwell he published nine texts in support of the administration's agenda.[5] Some of his best known works during this period included Precedent of Precedents, which contained standardized forms to register land, and An Epitome of All the Common and Statute Laws of the Nation now in Force, which was one of the earliest attempts at an abridged legal encyclopedia.[6]

Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library

Dean's Memo[7] includes the 1656 edition of Sheppard's Epitome based on Alan Smith's assertion that Thomas Jefferson cites the work in his handbook.[8] The Brown Bibliography[9] lists the first edition (1675) of The Grand Abridgment of the Common and Statute Law of England based on notes in Jefferson's commonplace book.[10] Jefferson studied law under Wythe from 1762 to 1767, so the entries from the mid 1770s may not reflect Wythe's influence. Brown also notes that this work is based upon Sheppard's earlier work, An Epitome of all the Common and Statute Laws of this Nation, Now in Force. No conclusive evidence proves which edition Wythe may have owned, or, indeed, that he owned either. The Wolf Law Library followed Dean's recommendation and purchased the 1656 edition of An Epitome of All the Common & Statute Laws of this Nation, Now in Force.

Loose inscription (formerly on pastedown?).

Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy

Bound in contemporary calf with blind rules to boards. Rebacked in period style with raised bands and lettering pieces. Original head of title page missing and replaced by modern period-style copy. Includes marginalia throughout volume and a loose inscription, possibly removed from one of the original pastedowns. Purchased from The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.

Images of the library's copy of this book are available on Flickr. View the record for this book in William & Mary's online catalog.

Full text

See also

References

  1. Nancy L. Matthews, "Sheppard, William (bap. 1595, d. 1674)" in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, accessed October 10, 2013.
  2. Ibid.
  3. Nancy L. Matthews, William Sheppard, Cromwell's Law Reformer (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984), 31.
  4. Matthews, "Sheppard, William."
  5. Ibid.
  6. "Tarlton Law Library - Law Dictionary Collection - online exhibit," Tarlton Law Library, The University of Texas at Austin, accessed October 10, 2013, http://tarlton.law.utexas.edu/exhibits/dictionaries/common_law/sheppard.html.
  7. Memorandum from Barbara C. Dean, Colonial Williamsburg Found., to Mrs. Stiverson, Colonial Williamsburg Found. (June 16, 1975), 14 (on file at Wolf Law Library, College of William & Mary).
  8. Alan McKinley Smith, "Virginia Lawyers, 1680-1776: The Birth of an American Profession" (PhD diss., The Johns Hopkins University, 1967), 263.
  9. Bennie Brown, "The Library of George Wythe of Williamsburg and Richmond," (unpublished manuscript, May, 2012, rev. 2014) Microsoft Word file. Earlier edition available at: https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433.
  10. The Commonplace Book of Thomas Jefferson: A Repertory of His Ideas on Government, ed. Gilbert Chinard (Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins Press, 1926), 352.