Encyclopaedia, or, A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, and Miscellaneous Literature: Constructed on a Plan, by Which the Different Sciences and Arts are Digested into the Form of Distinct Treatises or Systems
|Encyclopaedia, or, A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, and Miscellaneous Literature|
Title page from Encyclopaedia, or, A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, and Miscellaneous Literature, volume eight, George Wythe Collection, Wolf Law Library, College of William & Mary.
|Published||Philadelphia: Printed by Thomas Dobson|
|Edition||First American from third English|
|Volumes||18 volume set|
|Desc.||4to (28 cm.)|
Thomas Dobson (c.1751-1823) was born near Edinburgh, Scotland, but immigrated to the United States with his wife and three daughters in 1783. Dobson operated a thriving printing shop in Philadelphia. He printed many notable works, but his claim to fame was sealed by his publication of the first American encyclopedia.
Dobson’s Encyclopaedia was largely a copy of the third edition Encyclopaedia Britannica, which had been published the year before, but Dobson sought to dispel what he perceived to be a British bias. The most notable differences regarded American geography and history, such as the surrender of the British in the American Revolution. The encyclopedia was a hit amongst American scholars, and purchasers included George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, and George Wythe.
Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library
Listed in the Jefferson Inventory of Wythe's Library as "American Encyclopedia. 18.v. 4to." and kept by Thomas Jefferson. He later sold a copy of the 1798 edition of Encyclopaedia, or, A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, and Miscellaneous Literature to the Library of Congress, but it no longer exists to verify Wythe's prior ownership. Both George Wythe's Library on LibraryThing and the Brown Bibliography suggests the copy Jefferson sold may have been Wythe's copy. Brown also notes a second copy of this set owned by Jefferson and sold by his grandson, Francis Eppes in 1873. The Wolf Law Library purchased a copy of the 1798 edition.
Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy
Bound in original full calf with black and red spine compartments. Bears the owner's signature of Josiah Calef on the title page of volume eight. Purchased from Charles Thomas.
- Robert Arner, Dobson’s Encyclopaedia: The Publisher, Text, and Publication of America’s First Britannica, 1789-1803 (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1991).
- James M. Wells, The Circle of Knowledge: Encyclopaedias Past and Present (Chicago: Newberry Library, 1968).
- E. Millicent Sowerby, Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson, (Washington, D.C.: The Library of Congress, 1952-1959), 5:150-151 [no.4891].
- LibraryThing, s.v. "Member: George Wythe," accessed on April 21, 2013.
- Bennie Brown, "The Library of George Wythe of Williamsburg and Richmond," (unpublished manuscript, May, 2012) Microsoft Word file. Earlier edition available at: https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433.