Difference between revisions of "Dionysiou Longinou Peri Hupsous, Kai Talla Heuriskomena"

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|desc=4to (24 cm.)
 
|desc=4to (24 cm.)
 
}}This Greek literary treatise ''On the Sublime'' is steeped in mystery. Not only is a third of it lost, but no one knows who wrote it or when.<ref>[http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780199548545.001.0001/acref-9780199548545-e-1836 "Longī'nus on the Sublime”] in ''The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature'', ed. by M.C. Howatson (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011).</ref> The author is referred to as both “Dionysius Longinus” and “Dionysius or Longinus” in various manuscripts (referred to as Longinus hereafter). Until the 1800s, it was believed to be authored by Cassius Longinus, but chronological internal evidence indicates it was written perhaps around the first century AD.<ref>Ibid.</ref> It was written as an answer to the rhetor Caecilius of Caleacte who Longinus believes failed to properly address the importance and weight of ''pathos'' (emotional weight) in his own treatise on sublimity.<ref>[http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780192801463.001.0001/acref-9780192801463-e-1305 "‘Longīnus'"] in ''Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World'', ed. by John Roberts (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007).</ref> Longinus addressed his work to a friend, Postumius Terentianus (likely Roman from the name) on the role of sublimity in literature.<ref>"Longī'nus on the Sublime” in ''The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature''.</ref> Sublime can be defined as “that quality of genius in great literary works which irresistibly delights, inspires, and overwhelms the reader."<ref>[http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780192801463.001.0001/acref-9780192801463-e-2101 "sublime"] in ''Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World'', ed. by John Roberts (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007).</ref> It applies more to literature than natural phenomena, and to specific excerpts rather than entire works, resulting from “superhuman natural capacity…[to] lift us above our quotidian banalities and put us in touch with finer minds and, above all, with less obstructed emotions.”<ref>Ibid.</ref> ''On the Sublime'' is an important and influential book due to its analysis of poetry and prose and its reflections on writing and genius in general.<ref>"‘Longīnus’" in ''Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World''.</ref> Longinus gives many examples and non-examples of sublimity in a wide variety of literary sources from Homer to Demosthenes to Cicero, Sappho, and even the Book of Genesis. This indicates that the author was connected with not only Greeks and Romans but with Jewish contacts as well.<ref>"Longī'nus on the Sublime” in ''The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature''.</ref>
 
}}This Greek literary treatise ''On the Sublime'' is steeped in mystery. Not only is a third of it lost, but no one knows who wrote it or when.<ref>[http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780199548545.001.0001/acref-9780199548545-e-1836 "Longī'nus on the Sublime”] in ''The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature'', ed. by M.C. Howatson (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011).</ref> The author is referred to as both “Dionysius Longinus” and “Dionysius or Longinus” in various manuscripts (referred to as Longinus hereafter). Until the 1800s, it was believed to be authored by Cassius Longinus, but chronological internal evidence indicates it was written perhaps around the first century AD.<ref>Ibid.</ref> It was written as an answer to the rhetor Caecilius of Caleacte who Longinus believes failed to properly address the importance and weight of ''pathos'' (emotional weight) in his own treatise on sublimity.<ref>[http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780192801463.001.0001/acref-9780192801463-e-1305 "‘Longīnus'"] in ''Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World'', ed. by John Roberts (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007).</ref> Longinus addressed his work to a friend, Postumius Terentianus (likely Roman from the name) on the role of sublimity in literature.<ref>"Longī'nus on the Sublime” in ''The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature''.</ref> Sublime can be defined as “that quality of genius in great literary works which irresistibly delights, inspires, and overwhelms the reader."<ref>[http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780192801463.001.0001/acref-9780192801463-e-2101 "sublime"] in ''Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World'', ed. by John Roberts (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007).</ref> It applies more to literature than natural phenomena, and to specific excerpts rather than entire works, resulting from “superhuman natural capacity…[to] lift us above our quotidian banalities and put us in touch with finer minds and, above all, with less obstructed emotions.”<ref>Ibid.</ref> ''On the Sublime'' is an important and influential book due to its analysis of poetry and prose and its reflections on writing and genius in general.<ref>"‘Longīnus’" in ''Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World''.</ref> Longinus gives many examples and non-examples of sublimity in a wide variety of literary sources from Homer to Demosthenes to Cicero, Sappho, and even the Book of Genesis. This indicates that the author was connected with not only Greeks and Romans but with Jewish contacts as well.<ref>"Longī'nus on the Sublime” in ''The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature''.</ref>
 
  
 
==Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library==
 
==Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library==
 +
There is no doubt that George Wythe owned ''Dionysiou Longinou Peri Hupsous, Kai Talla Heuriskomena''. A copy of the 1694 edition at the Library of Congress includes Wythe's bookplate and an inscription by [[Thomas Jefferson]] on the flyleaf "The gift of a friend a few days before he died" followed by four lines of Greek. Jefferson also listed "Longinus. Gr. Lat. Tollii 4to." in his [[Jefferson Inventory|inventory]] of [[Wythe's Library]], noting that he kept the volume himself. He later sold it to the Library of Congress. Both the Brown Bibliography<ref>Bennie Brown, "The Library of George Wythe of Williamsburg and Richmond," (unpublished manuscript, May, 2012) Microsoft Word file. Earlier edition available at: https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433</ref> and [http://www.librarything.com/profile/GeorgeWythe George Wythe's Library]<ref>''LibraryThing'', s. v. [http://www.librarything.com/profile/GeorgeWythe "Member: George Wythe"], accessed on March 5. 2014.</ref> on LibraryThing list the 1694 edition of ''Dionysiou Longinou Peri Hupsous, Kai Talla Heuriskomena''. The Wolf Law Library purchased a copy of the same edition.
  
 
==Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy==
 
==Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy==
Beautifully rebacked in full mottled calf with gilt lettered red leather spine label. Has five raised bands and gilt decorations. All edges of the binding are decorated in gilt. Added engraved title page: Dionysius Longinus Cassius de sublimitate. Purchased from Elliot's Books.  
+
Beautifully rebacked in full mottled calf with gilt lettered red leather spine label. Has five raised bands and gilt decorations. All edges of the binding are decorated in gilt. Purchased from Elliot's Books.  
  
View this book in [https://catalog.swem.wm.edu/Record/3466270 William & Mary's online catalog].
+
View this book in [https://catalog.swem.wm.edu/Record/3466270 William & Mary's online catalog.]
  
 
==External Links==
 
==External Links==
[http://books.google.com/books?id=1-UPAAAAQAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=Dionysiou+Longinou+Peri+Hupsous,+Kai+Talla+Heuriskomena&hl=en&sa=X&ei=qGvlUaz8PK6l4AOa2YHYAg&ved=0CDUQ6AEwAA Google Books]
+
Read this book in [http://books.google.com/books?id=1-UPAAAAQAAJ&printsec=frontcover Google Books.]
  
===References===
+
==References==
 
<references/>
 
<references/>
  
 
[[Category:George Wythe Collection at William & Mary's Wolf Law Library]]
 
[[Category:George Wythe Collection at William & Mary's Wolf Law Library]]
 +
[[Category:Known Surviving Wythe Volumes]]
 
[[Category:Philosophy]]
 
[[Category:Philosophy]]
 
[[Category:Titles in Wythe's Library]]
 
[[Category:Titles in Wythe's Library]]

Revision as of 19:22, 5 March 2014

by Longinus

Dionysiou Longinou Peri Hupsous, Kai Talla Heuriskomena
LonginusDionysiouLonginou1694.jpg

Title page from Dionysiou Longinou Peri Hupsous, Kai Talla Heuriskomena, George Wythe Collection, Wolf Law Library, College of William & Mary.

Author Longinus
Editor {{{editor}}}
Translator {{{trans}}}
Published Trajecto ad Rhenum: Ex Officinâ Francisci Halma
Date 1694
Edition {{{edition}}}
Language Text in Latin and Greek, followed by French translation from the Greek of De Sublimitate
Volumes {{{set}}} volume set
Pages Ex Officinâ Francisci Halma
Desc. 4to (24 cm.)
Location [[Shelf {{{shelf}}}]]
  [[Shelf {{{shelf2}}}]]

This Greek literary treatise On the Sublime is steeped in mystery. Not only is a third of it lost, but no one knows who wrote it or when.[1] The author is referred to as both “Dionysius Longinus” and “Dionysius or Longinus” in various manuscripts (referred to as Longinus hereafter). Until the 1800s, it was believed to be authored by Cassius Longinus, but chronological internal evidence indicates it was written perhaps around the first century AD.[2] It was written as an answer to the rhetor Caecilius of Caleacte who Longinus believes failed to properly address the importance and weight of pathos (emotional weight) in his own treatise on sublimity.[3] Longinus addressed his work to a friend, Postumius Terentianus (likely Roman from the name) on the role of sublimity in literature.[4] Sublime can be defined as “that quality of genius in great literary works which irresistibly delights, inspires, and overwhelms the reader."[5] It applies more to literature than natural phenomena, and to specific excerpts rather than entire works, resulting from “superhuman natural capacity…[to] lift us above our quotidian banalities and put us in touch with finer minds and, above all, with less obstructed emotions.”[6] On the Sublime is an important and influential book due to its analysis of poetry and prose and its reflections on writing and genius in general.[7] Longinus gives many examples and non-examples of sublimity in a wide variety of literary sources from Homer to Demosthenes to Cicero, Sappho, and even the Book of Genesis. This indicates that the author was connected with not only Greeks and Romans but with Jewish contacts as well.[8]

Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library

There is no doubt that George Wythe owned Dionysiou Longinou Peri Hupsous, Kai Talla Heuriskomena. A copy of the 1694 edition at the Library of Congress includes Wythe's bookplate and an inscription by Thomas Jefferson on the flyleaf "The gift of a friend a few days before he died" followed by four lines of Greek. Jefferson also listed "Longinus. Gr. Lat. Tollii 4to." in his inventory of Wythe's Library, noting that he kept the volume himself. He later sold it to the Library of Congress. Both the Brown Bibliography[9] and George Wythe's Library[10] on LibraryThing list the 1694 edition of Dionysiou Longinou Peri Hupsous, Kai Talla Heuriskomena. The Wolf Law Library purchased a copy of the same edition.

Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy

Beautifully rebacked in full mottled calf with gilt lettered red leather spine label. Has five raised bands and gilt decorations. All edges of the binding are decorated in gilt. Purchased from Elliot's Books.

View this book in William & Mary's online catalog.

External Links

Read this book in Google Books.

References

  1. "Longī'nus on the Sublime” in The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature, ed. by M.C. Howatson (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011).
  2. Ibid.
  3. "‘Longīnus'" in Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World, ed. by John Roberts (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007).
  4. "Longī'nus on the Sublime” in The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature.
  5. "sublime" in Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World, ed. by John Roberts (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007).
  6. Ibid.
  7. "‘Longīnus’" in Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World.
  8. "Longī'nus on the Sublime” in The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature.
  9. Bennie Brown, "The Library of George Wythe of Williamsburg and Richmond," (unpublished manuscript, May, 2012) Microsoft Word file. Earlier edition available at: https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433
  10. LibraryThing, s. v. "Member: George Wythe", accessed on March 5. 2014.