The Beginning of Progress and Conclusion of Bacon's Rebellion in Virginia in the Years 1675 & 1676

From Wythepedia: The George Wythe Encyclopedia
Revision as of 11:06, 6 April 2015 by Cwearle (talk | contribs)

Jump to: navigation, search

by Thomas Matthew

The Beginning of Progress and Conclusion of Bacon's Rebellion
George Wythe bookplate.jpg
Title not held by The Wolf Law Library
at the College of William & Mary.
Author Thomas Matthew
Published : Unpublished manuscript copy
Date 1705
Volumes volume set

Thomas Matthew, a 17th-century Potomac River planer-merchant, authored The Beginning of Progress and Conclusion of Bacon's Rebellion in the Years 1675 & 1676," a firsthand manuscript detailing interactions, encounters, and observations that transpired during Bacon's Rebellion. The roots of Bacon's Rebellion trace back to Matthew's strained relationship with Algonquian-speaking Doeg Indians settled in the Potomac River Valley. These tense relations escalated into physical violence as Matthew and several English neighbors harmed and killed Native Americans attempting to make off with livestock on the Matthew farm. This flair up served stirred numerous schisms within the Virginia House of Burgesses, most notably between incumbent Governor [ Sir William Berkeley, and Nathaniel Bacon, a member of the Governor's Council. Berkely and Bacon's dissent over how to properly bring this controversy to a peaceful conclusion served as the primary driver behind Bacon's Rebellion, a foreshadowing of broader colonial frustration with the British Crown's appointed political officials.

Matthew addressed his manuscript of The Beginning of Progress and Conclusion of Bacon's Rebellion' in the Years 1675 & 1676" to Robert Harley, Queen Anne's Secretary of State. While the author signed his name "T.M.," Matthew claims to reside in Northumberland County and possess a plantation within Virginia's Stafford County. Matthew later represented this property while serving on the House of Burgesses, allowing scholars and historians greater comfort in affirming the work as Matthew's.

Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library