Difference between revisions of "Of the Advancement and Proficiencie of Learning"

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{{DISPLAYTITLE:''Of the Advancement and Proficiencie of Learning, or, The Partitions of Sciences, IX Bookes''}}
 
{{DISPLAYTITLE:''Of the Advancement and Proficiencie of Learning, or, The Partitions of Sciences, IX Bookes''}}
 
===by Francis Bacon===
 
===by Francis Bacon===
__NOTOC__
 
 
{{BookPageInfoBox
 
{{BookPageInfoBox
 
|imagename=BaconOfTheAdvancement1640.jpg
 
|imagename=BaconOfTheAdvancement1640.jpg
|link=https://catalog.swem.wm.edu/law/Record/3431858
+
|link=https://wm.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/01COWM_INST/g9pr7p/alma991016132129703196
 
|shorttitle=Of the Advancement and Proficiencie of Learning
 
|shorttitle=Of the Advancement and Proficiencie of Learning
|author=Francis Bacon
+
|author=[[:Category:Francis Bacon|Francis Bacon]]
|lang=English
+
|lang=[[:Category:English|English]]
|publoc=Oxford
+
|publoc=[[:Category:Oxford|Oxford]]
 
|publisher=Printed by Leon. Lichfield for Rob. Young & Ed. Forrest
 
|publisher=Printed by Leon. Lichfield for Rob. Young & Ed. Forrest
 
|year=1640
 
|year=1640
 
|pages=[36], 60, [14], 477 [i.e. 479, 23] p. (the last leaf blank), [1] leaf of plates : 1 port. (engraving)  
 
|pages=[36], 60, [14], 477 [i.e. 479, 23] p. (the last leaf blank), [1] leaf of plates : 1 port. (engraving)  
|desc=folio (29 cm.)
+
|desc=[[:Category:Folios|Folio]] (29 cm.)
 
|shelf=A-4
 
|shelf=A-4
}}''Of the Advancement and Proficiencie of Learning, or, The Partitions of Sciences, IX Bookes'' (commonly known as ''The Advancement of Learning'') is a two-volume work by English philosopher, politician, scientist, and author, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_bacon Francis Bacon], Viscount St. Alban (1561–1626). Born in London to Sir Nicholas Bacon and Lady Anne Cooke, Bacon received his early education from his well-educated parents at home, and later attended Trinity College, Cambridge and Gray's Inn, London.<ref>Jürgen Klein "[http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2012/entries/francis-bacon Francis Bacon]," in ''Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy'' (Stanford University, 1997-), article revised Dec. 7, 2012, accessed October 3, 2013.</ref><br />
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}}''Of the Advancement and Proficiencie of Learning, or, The Partitions of Sciences, IX Bookes'' (commonly known as ''The Advancement of Learning'') is an extensive study by English philosopher, politician, scientist, and author, [[wikipedia:Francis Bacon|Francis Bacon]], Viscount St. Alban (1561 &ndash; 1626). Born in London to Sir Nicholas Bacon and Lady Anne Cooke, Bacon received his early education from his well-educated parents at home, and later attended Trinity College, Cambridge and Gray's Inn, London.<ref>Jürgen Klein "[http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2012/entries/francis-bacon Francis Bacon]," in ''Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy'' (Stanford University, 1997-), article revised Dec. 7, 2012, accessed October 3, 2013.</ref>
 +
 
 
[[File:BaconOfTheAdvancement1640Frontispiece.jpg|left|thumb|250px|<center>Frontispiece</center>]]
 
[[File:BaconOfTheAdvancement1640Frontispiece.jpg|left|thumb|250px|<center>Frontispiece</center>]]
''The Advancement of Learning'', written in 1605, is one of Bacon's earliest works. Within these two books, Bacon delves into the study and acquisition of knowledge.<ref>Markku Peltonen, "[http://www.oxforddnb.com.proxy.wm.edu/view/article/990 Bacon, Francis, Viscount St Alban (1561–1626)]," in ''Oxford Dictionary of National Biography'' (Oxford University Press, 2004-), accessed October 3, 2013.</ref> The first book focuses on learning and its importance in every day life. The second book has a much broader scope, covering the state of human knowledge, discovering its weak spots and offering broad suggestions on how it can be improved.<ref>Ibid.</ref><br />
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''The Advancement of Learning'', written in 1605, is one of Bacon's earliest works, in which he delves into the study and acquisition of knowledge.<ref>Markku Peltonen, "[http://www.oxforddnb.com.proxy.wm.edu/view/article/990 Bacon, Francis, Viscount St Alban (1561–1626)]," in ''Oxford Dictionary of National Biography'' (Oxford University Press, 2004-), accessed October 3, 2013.</ref> The first part focuses on learning and its importance in every day life. The second part has a much broader scope, covering the state of human knowledge, discovering its weak spots and offering broad suggestions on how it can be improved.<ref>Ibid.</ref>
<br />
+
 
 
After he wrote the book, Bacon's political career gained steam. He quickly rose in power, becoming successively solicitor general (1607), attorney general (1613), and lord chancellor (1618).<ref>''Britannica Concise Encyclopedia'', s.v. "[http://www.credoreference.com/entry/ebconcise/bacon_francis_viscount_st_albans Bacon, Francis, Viscount St. Albans]," accessed October 3, 2013.</ref> He also authored numerous other volumes, including the influential ''Novum Organum'' (1620) and ''History of Henry VII'' (1622).<ref>Ibid.</ref> An edition of his collected [[Works of Francis Bacon|works]], gathered by A. Millar, was first published in 1640.
 
After he wrote the book, Bacon's political career gained steam. He quickly rose in power, becoming successively solicitor general (1607), attorney general (1613), and lord chancellor (1618).<ref>''Britannica Concise Encyclopedia'', s.v. "[http://www.credoreference.com/entry/ebconcise/bacon_francis_viscount_st_albans Bacon, Francis, Viscount St. Albans]," accessed October 3, 2013.</ref> He also authored numerous other volumes, including the influential ''Novum Organum'' (1620) and ''History of Henry VII'' (1622).<ref>Ibid.</ref> An edition of his collected [[Works of Francis Bacon|works]], gathered by A. Millar, was first published in 1640.
  
 
==Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library==
 
==Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library==
Listed in the [[Jefferson Inventory]] of [[Wythe's Library]] as ''Bacon’s advancement of learning. p. fol. Eng.'' This was one of the titles kept by [[Thomas Jefferson]] and later sold to the Library of Congress in 1815. Both the [https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433 Brown Bibliography]<ref> Bennie Brown, "The Library of George Wythe of Williamsburg and Richmond," (unpublished manuscript, May, 2012) Microsoft Word file. Earlier edition available at: https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433</ref> and [http://www.librarything.com/profile/GeorgeWythe George Wythe's Library]<ref>''LibraryThing'', s.v. [http://www.librarything.com/profile/GeorgeWythe "Member: George Wythe"], accessed on November 11, 2013.</ref> on LibraryThing include the 1674 (2nd) edition, based on Millicent Sowerby's entry in ''Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson'',<ref>E. Millicent Sowerby, ''Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson'', 2nd ed. (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1983), 5:167-168 [no. 4916].</ref> The volumes owned by Wythe no longer exist to verify the edition, although Sowerby bases her choice on the previous correction of a date "1670" to "1674" from the Library of Congress catalogs. While it may be more likely that Wythe owned the 1674 edition, the date "1670" could also have meant "1640." The Wolf Law Library's [[George Wythe Collection]] includes the 1640, first edition, based in part on this ambiguity and in part on the availability of editions for purchase.
+
Listed in the [[Jefferson Inventory]] of [[Wythe's Library]] as "Bacon's advancement of learning. p. fol. Eng." This was one of the titles kept by [[Thomas Jefferson]] and later sold to the Library of Congress in 1815. Both the [https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433 Brown Bibliography]<ref> Bennie Brown, "The Library of George Wythe of Williamsburg and Richmond," (unpublished manuscript, May, 2012) Microsoft Word file. Earlier edition available at: https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433</ref> and [http://www.librarything.com/profile/GeorgeWythe George Wythe's Library]<ref>''LibraryThing'', s.v. [http://www.librarything.com/profile/GeorgeWythe "Member: George Wythe"], accessed on November 11, 2013.</ref> on LibraryThing include the 1674 (2nd) edition, based on Millicent Sowerby's entry in ''Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson'',<ref>E. Millicent Sowerby, ''Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson'', (Washington, D.C.: The Library of Congress, 1952-1959), 5:167-168 [http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015033648133;view=1up;seq=180 [no. 4916]].</ref> The volumes owned by Wythe no longer exist to verify the edition, although Sowerby bases her choice on the previous correction of a date "1670" to "1674" from the Library of Congress catalogs. While it may be more likely that Wythe owned the 1674 edition, the date "1670" could also have meant "1640." The Wolf Law Library's [[George Wythe Collection]] includes the 1640, first edition, based in part on this ambiguity and in part on the availability of editions for purchase.
[[File:BaconOfTheAdvancement1640inscription.jpg|left|thumb|250px|<center>Inscription, front fly-leaf</center>]]
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 +
[[File:BaconOfTheAdvancement1640inscription.jpg|left|thumb|350px|<center>Inscription, front fly-leaf</center>]]
  
 
==Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy==
 
==Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy==
Bound in contemporary blind-stamped calf with engraved frontispiece and engraved title leaf. This copy has the first version of the frontispiece, signed by William Marshall and dated 1626. Inscribed on the front fly-leaf, "Thomas Smith, 1794." Purchased from Bookpress, Ltd.<br />
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Bound in contemporary blind-stamped calf with engraved frontispiece and engraved title leaf. This copy has the first version of the frontispiece, signed by William Marshall and dated 1626. Inscribed on the front fly-leaf, "Thomas Smith, 1794." Purchased from Bookpress, Ltd.
<br />
+
 
View the record for this book in [https://catalog.swem.wm.edu/law/Record/3431858 William & Mary's online catalog].
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Images of the library's copy of this book are [https://www.flickr.com/photos/wolflawlibrary/sets/72157637875764455 available on Flickr.] View the record for this book in [https://wm.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/01COWM_INST/g9pr7p/alma991016132129703196 William & Mary's online catalog].
 +
 
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===Full text===
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<div style="overflow: hidden;">
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*[http://lawlibrary.wm.edu/wythepedia/library/BaconAdvancementAndProficiencieOfLearning1640.pdf ''Of the Advancement and Proficiencie of Learning''] (35MB PDF)
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</div>
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==See also==
 
==See also==
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</div>
 
</div>
  
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__NOTOC__
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[[Category:Francis Bacon]]
 
[[Category:George Wythe Collection at William & Mary's Wolf Law Library]]
 
[[Category:George Wythe Collection at William & Mary's Wolf Law Library]]
 
[[Category:Jefferson's Books]]
 
[[Category:Jefferson's Books]]
 
[[Category:Science and Medicine]]
 
[[Category:Science and Medicine]]
 
[[Category:Titles in Wythe's Library]]
 
[[Category:Titles in Wythe's Library]]
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[[Category:English]]
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[[Category:Folios]]
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[[Category:Oxford]]

Latest revision as of 12:55, 4 October 2021

by Francis Bacon

Of the Advancement and Proficiencie of Learning
BaconOfTheAdvancement1640.jpg

Title page from Of the Advancement and Proficiencie of Learning, George Wythe Collection, Wolf Law Library, College of William & Mary.

Author Francis Bacon
Editor {{{editor}}}
Translator {{{trans}}}
Published Oxford: Printed by Leon. Lichfield for Rob. Young & Ed. Forrest
Date 1640
Edition {{{edition}}}
Language English
Volumes {{{set}}} volume set
Pages [36], 60, [14], 477 [i.e. 479, 23] p. (the last leaf blank), [1] leaf of plates : 1 port. (engraving)
Desc. Folio (29 cm.)
Location Shelf A-4
  [[Shelf {{{shelf2}}}]]

Of the Advancement and Proficiencie of Learning, or, The Partitions of Sciences, IX Bookes (commonly known as The Advancement of Learning) is an extensive study by English philosopher, politician, scientist, and author, Francis Bacon, Viscount St. Alban (1561 – 1626). Born in London to Sir Nicholas Bacon and Lady Anne Cooke, Bacon received his early education from his well-educated parents at home, and later attended Trinity College, Cambridge and Gray's Inn, London.[1]

Frontispiece

The Advancement of Learning, written in 1605, is one of Bacon's earliest works, in which he delves into the study and acquisition of knowledge.[2] The first part focuses on learning and its importance in every day life. The second part has a much broader scope, covering the state of human knowledge, discovering its weak spots and offering broad suggestions on how it can be improved.[3]

After he wrote the book, Bacon's political career gained steam. He quickly rose in power, becoming successively solicitor general (1607), attorney general (1613), and lord chancellor (1618).[4] He also authored numerous other volumes, including the influential Novum Organum (1620) and History of Henry VII (1622).[5] An edition of his collected works, gathered by A. Millar, was first published in 1640.

Evidence for Inclusion in Wythe's Library

Listed in the Jefferson Inventory of Wythe's Library as "Bacon's advancement of learning. p. fol. Eng." This was one of the titles kept by Thomas Jefferson and later sold to the Library of Congress in 1815. Both the Brown Bibliography[6] and George Wythe's Library[7] on LibraryThing include the 1674 (2nd) edition, based on Millicent Sowerby's entry in Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson,[8] The volumes owned by Wythe no longer exist to verify the edition, although Sowerby bases her choice on the previous correction of a date "1670" to "1674" from the Library of Congress catalogs. While it may be more likely that Wythe owned the 1674 edition, the date "1670" could also have meant "1640." The Wolf Law Library's George Wythe Collection includes the 1640, first edition, based in part on this ambiguity and in part on the availability of editions for purchase.

Inscription, front fly-leaf

Description of the Wolf Law Library's copy

Bound in contemporary blind-stamped calf with engraved frontispiece and engraved title leaf. This copy has the first version of the frontispiece, signed by William Marshall and dated 1626. Inscribed on the front fly-leaf, "Thomas Smith, 1794." Purchased from Bookpress, Ltd.

Images of the library's copy of this book are available on Flickr. View the record for this book in William & Mary's online catalog.

Full text


See also

References

  1. Jürgen Klein "Francis Bacon," in Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Stanford University, 1997-), article revised Dec. 7, 2012, accessed October 3, 2013.
  2. Markku Peltonen, "Bacon, Francis, Viscount St Alban (1561–1626)," in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press, 2004-), accessed October 3, 2013.
  3. Ibid.
  4. Britannica Concise Encyclopedia, s.v. "Bacon, Francis, Viscount St. Albans," accessed October 3, 2013.
  5. Ibid.
  6. Bennie Brown, "The Library of George Wythe of Williamsburg and Richmond," (unpublished manuscript, May, 2012) Microsoft Word file. Earlier edition available at: https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/13433
  7. LibraryThing, s.v. "Member: George Wythe", accessed on November 11, 2013.
  8. E. Millicent Sowerby, Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson, (Washington, D.C.: The Library of Congress, 1952-1959), 5:167-168 [no. 4916].